Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Discrimination during pregnancy can affect infant's brain circuitry (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Experiences of discrimination and acculturation are known to have a detrimental effect on a person's health. For pregnant women, these painful experiences can also affect the brain circuitry of their children, a new study finds. These effects, the researchers say, are separate from those caused by general stress and depression. The study was published in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology.
Published Spike in premature births caused by COVID, halted by vaccines, study finds (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
COVID-19 caused an alarming surge in premature births, but vaccines were key to returning the early birth rate to pre-pandemic levels, according to a new analysis of California birth records.
Published New clues into the head-scratching mystery of itch (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists show for the first time that bacteria can cause itch by activating nerve cells in the skin. The findings can inform new therapies to treat itch that occurs in inflammatory skin conditions like eczema and dermatitis.
Published Discovery of hemoglobin in the epidermis sheds new light on our skin's protective properties (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have shown for the first time that hemoglobin, a protein found in red blood cells where it binds oxygen, is also present in the epidermis, our skin's outermost body tissue. The study provides important insights into the properties of our skin's protective external layer.
Published Wearables capture body sounds to continuously monitor health (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
From heart beats to stomach gurgles, sounds hold important health information. New wireless devices sit on skin to continuously capture these sounds, then stream data to smartphones or tablets in real time. In pilot studies, devices accurately tracked sounds associated with cardiorespiratory function, gastrointestinal activity, swallowing and respiration. The devices are particularly valuable for premature babies, who can experience apneas and gastrointestinal complications, which are accompanied by sounds.
Published Exposure to air pollution in utero may affect reproductive system development (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
From invisible wafts of diesel exhaust to sun-choking plumes of orange smoke, air pollution is known to damage respiratory well-being. Now, research suggests another reason to hold our breath: Polluted air also may hurt reproductive health. In a study of air pollution data in relation to markers of reproductive development in infancy, Rutgers researchers found certain pollutants may negatively alter anogenital distance, a measure of prenatal exposure to hormones.
Published Scientists 3D-print hair follicles in lab-grown skin (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists have 3D-printed hair follicles in human skin tissue cultured in the lab. This marks the first time researchers have used the technology to generate hair follicles, which play an important role in skin healing and function. When it comes to engineering human skin, hair may at first seem superfluous. However, hair follicles are quite important: They produce sweat, helping regulate body temperature, and they contain stem cells that help skin heal. The finding has potential applications in regenerative medicine and drug testing, though engineering skin grafts that grow hair are still several years away.
Published Delaying cord clamping could halve risk of death in premature babies (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Two new studies have given further weight to the benefits of delayed cord clamping, finding waiting for at least 2 minutes to clamp the umbilical cord of premature babies at birth could decrease the child's risk of death.
Published Umbilical cord milking appears to be safe in preterm infants born after 28 weeks (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A treatment to move blood from the umbilical cord into an infant's body may provide a safe option for preterm infants born after 28 weeks who need rapid support, suggests a new study. The procedure, called umbilical cord milking, involves gently squeezing the cord between the thumb and forefinger and pushing the blood into the newborn's abdomen. The new findings suggest that concerns raised by a 2019 study of infants born before 28 weeks -- which concluded that umbilical cord milking might increase the risk of bleeding inside the brain -- do not apply to preterm infants born after 28 weeks.
Published Measuring skin water loss predicts anaphylaxis during food allergy tests (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Measuring skin water loss during food allergy tests may help predict anaphylaxis and keep patients safe. The method aims to detect the life threatening reaction before epinephrine injections are necessary.
Published Paid family leave boosted postpartum wellbeing, breastfeeding rates (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study has found postpartum individuals living in states with generous mandated paid family and medical leave (PFML) are more likely to breastfeed and less likely to experience postpartum depression symptoms compared to those living in states with little or no mandated state-paid leave. The findings were even more pronounced among lower-income populations covered by Medicaid.
Published 'Super melanin' heals skin injuries from sunburn, chemical burns (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
In a new study, scientists show that their synthetic melanin, mimicking the natural melanin in human skin, can be applied topically to injured skin, where it accelerates wound healing. These effects occur both in the skin itself and systemically in the body.
Published Antibiotics for common childhood infections no longer effective (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Alarmingly high rates of bacterial resistance to commonly prescribed antibiotics used to treat children and babies has been found in the Asia-Pacific.
Published Hidden way for us to feel touch (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have discovered a hidden mechanism within hair follicles that allow us to feel touch.
Published The sunscreen paradox: Researchers warn of 'false sense of security' (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Sunscreen usage is climbing, but so are melanoma and skin cancer rates: this, researchers say, is the sunscreen paradox.
Published Psoriasis not caused by spontaneous mutations in skin cells (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Genetic analysis of psoriasis shows somatic mutations are not linked to the development or the spread of the condition.
Published Zika infection in pregnant macaques slows fetal growth (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Zika virus infection in pregnant rhesus macaques slows fetal growth and affects how infants and mothers interact in the first month of life, according to a new study. The work has implications for both humans exposed to Zika virus and for other viruses that can cross the placenta, including SARS-CoV2, responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic.
Published New technology 'game changing' for pregnant women with diabetes (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research shows that automated insulin delivery technology could be a game changer for pregnant women with type 1 diabetes. The technology -- known as 'hybrid closed-loop technology' -- gives insulin doses as informed by a smartphone algorithm. The new study shows that it could help pregnant women better manager their blood sugars compared to traditional insulin pumps or multiple daily injections. Lead researcher Prof Helen Murphy from UEA said: 'This technology is game changing, in that it will allow more women to have safer, healthier, more enjoyable pregnancies, with potential for lifelong benefits for their babies.'
Published Probiotics delivered in biofilm state protect the intestines and brain in NEC model (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have been working on a novel solution to prevent NEC. They have developed a novel probiotic system that harnesses the durability of biofilms to improve the administration of probiotics to patients. Their latest study describes the use of a biofilm formulation of Limosilactobacillus reuteri (Lr) to prevent NEC in a piglet model.
Published What do new moms and roaches have in common? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers are studying the dramatic physical transformation that some insects undergo to give birth to live young. This includes suppressing their immune systems to accommodate babies, which is something some insects and people have in common. Understanding how these systems work can help improve treatments for fibromyalgia and other immune disorders. An international team of researchers has examined the complex structural and physiological changes that take place in Hawaii's beetle-mimic cockroaches, which give birth to live young.