Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Women get the same exercise benefits as men, but with less effort (via sciencedaily.com)
A new study shows there is a gender gap between women and men when it comes to exercise. The findings show that women can exercise less often than men, yet receive greater cardiovascular gains.
Published New study analyzes link between digit ratio and oxygen consumption in footballers (via sciencedaily.com)
The efficiency of oxygen supply to tissues is a factor in the severity of important diseases such as Covid-19 and heart conditions. Scientists already know that the relationship between the length of a person's index and ring fingers, known as the 2D:4D ratio is correlated with performance in distance running, age at heart attack and severity of Covid-19.
Published School uniform policies linked to students getting less exercise, study finds (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
School uniforms could be restricting young people from being active, particularly primary school-aged girls, according to a new study. The study used data about the physical activity of more than a million five-to-17-year-olds in 135 countries. In countries where a majority of schools require students to wear uniforms, fewer young people are meeting the World Health Organization's recommendations for physical activity (60 minutes per day). Fewer girls are meeting the guidelines than boys -- with a standard gap of 7.6 percentage points between boys and girls.
Published Significantly fewer births on weekends and holidays than weekdays, data analysis of over 21 million births from 1979-2018 in Japan shows (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Significantly more babies were born on a weekday instead of weekend day or holiday, reveals a large-scale analysis of 21 million births in Japan over almost four decades.
Published COVID-19 vaccination and boosting during pregnancy protects infants for six months, study finds (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Women who receive an mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccination or booster during pregnancy can provide their infants with strong protection against symptomatic COVID-19 infection for at least six months after birth, according to a new study. These findings reinforce the importance of receiving both a COVID-19 vaccine and booster during pregnancy to ensure that infants are born with robust protection that lasts until they are old enough to be vaccinated.
Published Why ventilators can be tough on preemie lungs (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research finds that premature lungs become stiffer than adult lungs under stress. This disrupts the function of transporters that are important for removing water from the lungs after birth.
Published Genetic cause of low birth weight among children conceived after fertility treatment (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A medical researcher has identified a genetic cause for the increased risk of low birth weight in babies born following assisted reproductive technologies such as IVF.
Published Patterns of brain connectivity differ between pre-term and term babies (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new scanning study of 390 babies has shown distinct patterns between term and pre-term babies in the moment-to-moment activity and connectivity of brain networks.
Published Benefits of resistance exercise training in treatment of anxiety and depression (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study has demonstrated the impact resistance exercise training can have in the treatment of anxiety and depressive symptoms.
Published Preterm births linked to 'hormone disruptor' chemicals may cost united states billions (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Daily exposure to chemicals used in the manufacture of plastic food containers and many cosmetics may be tied to nearly 56,600 preterm births in the U.S. in 2018, a new study shows. The resulting medical costs, the authors of the report say, were estimated to reach a minimum of $1.6 billion and as much as $8.1 billion over the lifetime of the children.
Published Males born to obese mothers more likely to suffer health issues as adults (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Males born to obese women are more likely to be overweight at birth and develop metabolic complications in later life, including liver disease and diabetes.
Published Understanding rapid weight loss in older women: Message from the heart (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Unexplained rapid weight loss in older people could be a sign of underlying disease and can be linked with increased risk of falls and fractures, as well as a poorer long-term prognosis.
Published Potential link between high maternal cortisol, unpredicted birth complications (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A snippet of hair can reveal a pregnant person's stress level and may one day help warn of unexpected birth problems, a study indicates. Researchers measured the stress hormone cortisol in hair samples of 53 women in their third trimester. Of that group, 13 women who had elevated cortisol levels later experienced unpredicted birth complications, such as an early birth or hemorrhaging. While more research is needed with larger groups, this preliminary finding could eventually lead to a non-invasive way to identify those at risk for such complications.
Published Rare disorder causing extra fingers and toes identified (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A rare disorder which causes babies to be born with extra fingers and toes and a range of birth defects has been identified in new research. The disorder, which has not yet been named, is caused by a genetic mutation in a gene called MAX. As well as extra digits -- polydactyly -- it leads to a range of symptoms relating to ongoing brain growth, such as autism. The research marks the first time this genetic link has been identified.
Published Provides new explanation for why placenta may not properly separate at birth, putting mother and newborn at risk (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study may change the way clinicians and scientists understand, diagnose and treat placenta accreta spectrum disorder, a serious condition in which the placenta fails to separate from the uterus at birth, jeopardizing the life and health of both mother and baby.
Published Prenatal air pollution exposure linked to severe newborn respiratory distress (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Prenatal exposure to air pollution increases the risk of severe respiratory distress in newborn babies, according to new research. The risk increases with exposure specifically to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2), which occur in wildfire and cigarette smoke and vehicle emissions, among other sources.
Published How obesity dismantles our mitochondria (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers found that when mice were fed a high-fat diet, mitochondria within their fat cells broke apart and were less able to burn fat, leading to weight gain. They also found they could reverse the effect by targeting a single gene, suggesting a new treatment strategy for obesity.
Published Can practicing self-compassion help people achieve weight loss goals? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study explored whether practicing self-compassion -- or treating oneself with the same care and kindness that people typically offer to their loved ones -- helps people become more resilient to these overeating setbacks.
Published The more the merrier: Research shows online interventions with social support help middle-aged adults with obesity lose weight (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Obesity is a problem in the United States. In fact, 42.5% of U.S. adults aged 20 and over have the disease. Not only is obesity the nation's second leading cause of preventable death (behind only smoking cigarettes), it also leads to other serious health issues, including an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, cancer, sleep apnea and liver disease. The disease and its side effects impose a significant financial burden on America's health care system.
Published Gene behind heart defects in Down syndrome identified (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have identified a gene that causes heart defects in Down syndrome, a condition that results from an additional copy of chromosome 21. Reducing the overactivity of this gene partially reversed these defects in mice, setting the scene for potential future therapies for heart conditions in people with Down syndrome.