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Categories: Pregnancy and Childbirth, Stress

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Children's Health Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Birth by C-section more than doubles odds of measles vaccine failure      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Birth by C-section more than doubles odds of measles vaccine failure. Researchers say it is vital that children born by caesarean section receive two doses of the measles vaccine for robust protection against the disease.

Mental Health Research Psychology Research Stress
Published

Study shows heightened sensitivity to PTSD in autism      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study shows that a mild stress is enough to trigger post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in mouse models of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Researchers demonstrated that the two disorders share a reciprocal relationship, identifying a predisposition to PTSD in ASD, and discovering that core autism traits are worsened when traumatic memories are formed.

Breastfeeding Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

A new mother's immune status varies with her feeding strategy      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In one of the first studies of its kind, UC Santa Barbara researchers have found that the immune status of postpartum mothers shifts with how she feeds her baby. Certain inflammatory proteins -- substances that are secreted as part of an immune response -- peak at different times of day, correlating with whether the mothers breastfeed, pump or formula-feed their babies.

Chronic Illness Diabetes Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Personalized screening early in pregnancy may improve preeclampsia detection      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Study suggests more extensive screening method in the first trimester of pregnancy may improve detection of preeclampsia.

Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Source of pregnancy complications from infections revealed by placenta map      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The placenta's response to infections from malaria, toxoplasmosis and listeria has been mapped in high resolution, possibly paving the way for new treatment options.

Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Cell contractions drive the initial shaping of human embryos      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Human embryo compaction, an essential step in the first days of an embryo's development, is driven by the contractility of its cells. These results contradict the presupposed driving role of cell adhesion in this phenomenon and pave the way for improved assisted reproductive technology (ART).

Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Father's gut microbes affect the next generation      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers changed the composition of the gut microbiota in male mice through common antibiotics, inducing a condition called dysbiosis, and found that: - Mouse pups sired by a dysbiotic father show significantly lower birth weight, and have increased risk of growth disorders and postnatal mortality.

Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Discovery of an atypical heat shock factor, HSF5, involved in meiotic mechanisms: Implications for male infertility      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have identified a novel Heat Shock Factor (HSF), designated as HSF5, which plays a crucial role in the completion of meiosis and the activation of genes essential for sperm formation. This discovery provides valuable insights into underlying causes of spermatogenic failure, the major contributor to male infertility. Furthermore, unlike other typical Heat Shock Factors, which primarily regulate gene expression in response to stress, such as heat shock, HSF5 plays a specific role in male germ production during meiosis under non-stress conditions.

Birth Defects Child Development Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
Published

Pregnancy cytokine levels impact fetal brain development and offspring behavior      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have discovered in a preclinical model that cytokines, proteins that control immune response, circulating in maternal blood during pregnancy may mitigate an offspring's risk for psychiatric conditions. The findings are surprising because circulating maternal cytokines are at such low levels that they were not implicated in fetal brain development and offspring behavior before.

Children's Health Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Dengue fever infections have negative impacts on infant health for three years      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Dengue infections in pregnant women may have a negative impact on the first years of children's lives, new research has found.

Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Pressure in the womb may influence facial development      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Physical cues in the womb, and not just genetics, influence the normal development of neural crest cells, the embryonic stem cells that form facial features, finds a new study.

Healthy Aging Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Researchers find that accelerated aging biology in the placenta contributes to a rare form of pregnancy-related heart failure      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In a new study, researchers show that elevated levels of proteins related to cellular senescence, or aging, in the blood and the placenta are linked to this form of heart failure.

Diabetes Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

New study focuses on the placenta for clues to the development of gestational diabetes      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study has identified that a deficit in the placental expression of the gene insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGFBP1) and low IGFBP1 circulating levels are associated with insulin resistance during pregnancy, highlighting a potential risk factor for the development of gestational diabetes.

Chronic Illness Depression Mental Health Research Psychology Research Stress Today's Healthcare
Published

Physical activity reduces stress-related brain activity to lower cardiovascular disease risk      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Over a ten-year period, biobank participants who met recommended levels of physical activity had a 23% lower risk of cardiovascular disease, and the protective effects were even more pronounced in individuals with depression.

Chronic Illness Mental Health Research Psychology Research Stress
Published

Study finds increased anxiety and PTSD among people who remained in Ukraine      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers conducted a survey to understand how the mental health of displaced Ukrainians has been affected by the ongoing war. Their findings describe high levels of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and generalized anxiety among both refugees and people displaced within Ukraine.

Child Development Children's Health Mental Health Research Stress Today's Healthcare
Published

AI model can accurately assess PTSD in postpartum women      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

By analyzing the narratives of women who experienced traumatic childbirth and women with non-complicated childbirth, researchers created an AI model that can accurately identify those at risk of childbirth-related PTSD.

Chronic Illness Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy increase risk of cardiovascular death after giving birth      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Health researchers identify patients at risk for preventable death in the year after pregnancy.

Children's Health Diabetes Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Global research team finds no clear link between maternal diabetes during pregnancy and ADHD in children      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An international research team has just provided valuable evidence through a 20-year longitudinal study to address the longstanding debate concerning the potential impact of maternal diabetes on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. This study, analysing real-world data from over 3.6 million mother-baby pairs in China's Hong Kong, Taiwan, New Zealand, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, showed that maternal diabetes during pregnancy is unlikely to be a direct cause of ADHD.

Child Development Children's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

No link between acetaminophen use during pregnancy and children's risk of autism, ADHD, and intellectual disability, says large sibling study      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In the largest study to date on the subject, researchers found no evidence to support a causal link between acetaminophen use during pregnancy and increased risk of autism, ADHD and intellectual disability in children. The findings use data from a nationwide cohort of over 2.4 million children born in Sweden, including siblings not exposed to the drug before birth.

Healthy Aging Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Pregnancy accelerates biological aging in a healthy, young adult population      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Pregnancy may carry a cost, reports a new study. The research shows that women who reported having been pregnant looked biologically older than women who had never been pregnant, and women who had been pregnant more often looked biologically older than those who reported fewer pregnancies.