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Categories: Child Development, Pregnancy and Childbirth

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Child Development Chronic Illness Psychology Research
Published

Study helps explain why childhood maltreatment continues to impact on mental and physical health into adulthood      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Childhood maltreatment can continue to have an impact long into adulthood because of how it effects an individual's risk of poor physical health and traumatic experiences many years later, a new study has found.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Today's Healthcare
Published

Economic burden of childhood verbal abuse by adults estimated at $300 billion globally      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Childhood verbal abuse by adults costs society an estimated $300 billion a year globally, show recent findings.

Child Development Children's Health Mental Health Research Stress Today's Healthcare
Published

AI model can accurately assess PTSD in postpartum women      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

By analyzing the narratives of women who experienced traumatic childbirth and women with non-complicated childbirth, researchers created an AI model that can accurately identify those at risk of childbirth-related PTSD.

Chronic Illness Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy increase risk of cardiovascular death after giving birth      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Health researchers identify patients at risk for preventable death in the year after pregnancy.

Healthy Aging Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Pregnancy accelerates biological aging in a healthy, young adult population      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Pregnancy may carry a cost, reports a new study. The research shows that women who reported having been pregnant looked biologically older than women who had never been pregnant, and women who had been pregnant more often looked biologically older than those who reported fewer pregnancies.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Healthy Aging Parenting
Published

Disparities in sleep health and insomnia may begin at a young age      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Children and teens from racial and ethnic minority groups are disproportionately affected by persistent insomnia symptoms that begin in childhood and continue through young adulthood, according to a new study. This study is one of the first to look at how childhood insomnia symptoms evolve over the long-term and investigate how the trajectory of insomnia differs between racial and ethnic groups.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting Relationships
Published

Everyday social interactions predict language development in infants      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers found that when the adult talked and played socially with a 5-month-old baby, the baby's brain activity particularly increased in regions responsible for attention -- and the level of this type of activity predicted enhanced language development at later ages.

Child Development Diabetes
Published

Large language models respond differently based on user's motivation      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study reveals how large language models (LLMs) respond to different motivational states. In their evaluation of three LLM-based generative conversational agents (GAs)--ChatGPT, Google Bard, and Llama 2, scientists found that while GAs are able to identify users' motivation states and provide relevant information when individuals have established goals, they are less likely to provide guidance when the users are hesitant or ambivalent about changing their behavior.

Child Development
Published

Last chance to record archaic Greek language 'heading for extinction'      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new data crowdsourcing platform aims to preserve the sound of Romeyka, an endangered millennia-old variety of Greek. Experts consider the language to be a linguistic goldmine and a living bridge to the ancient world.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Infant and Preschool Learning Infant's Health Nutrition Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Even moderate alcohol usage during pregnancy linked to birth abnormalities      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that even low to moderate alcohol use by pregnant patients may contribute to subtle changes in their babies' prenatal development, including lower birth length and a shorter duration of gestation.

Child Development Parenting
Published

Early detection of language disorders helps children obtain right interventions      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New screening tools in child health care are effective in identifying early language and communication difficulties in children. This is shown by two studies based on more than 6,000 children.

Child Development Children's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Today's Healthcare
Published

New initiative improves detection, evaluation of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most common pediatric neurobehavioral disorder with a prevalence of approximately 7%-10% in school-age children. ADHD significantly affects functioning throughout life including academic achievement, social and family relationships and occupational success, predisposing individuals to secondary psychopathology, substance use, justice system involvement and suicide. Fortunately, ADHD is treatable, most effectively with a combination of medication, behavioral therapy and school-based supports. Unfortunately, many children with ADHD go undiagnosed and untreated for years, and sometimes for life, putting those children most at risk for problematic outcomes.

Diet and Weight Loss Infant's Health Obesity Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Women with obesity do not need to gain weight during pregnancy, new study suggests      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The guidelines for weight gain during pregnancy in obese women have long been questioned. New research supports the idea of lowering or removing the current recommendation of a weight gain of at least 5 kg.

Depression Menopause Mental Health Research Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Positive associations between premenstrual disorders and perinatal depression      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Women affected by premenstrual disorders have a higher risk of perinatal depression compared with those who do not, according to new research. The relationship works both ways: those with perinatal depression are also more likely to develop premenstrual disorders after pregnancy and childbirth. This study suggests that a common mechanism might contribute to the two conditions.

Child Development Children's Health
Published

Parental avoidance of toxic exposures could help prevent autism, ADHD in children, new study shows      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that parents with chemical intolerance are more likely to report children with autism and ADHD.

Birth Control Diabetes Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Miscarriages linked to health risks in later pregnancies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers analyzed 52 studies involving more than 4 million pregnancies across 22 countries to investigate the health impacts of miscarriage, abortion and recurrent pregnancy loss (more than two miscarriages in succession) on subsequent pregnancies. The study found different health risks for each group.

Child Development Psychology Research Today's Healthcare
Published

Could AI play a role in locating damage to the brain after stroke?      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Artificial intelligence (AI) may serve as a future tool for neurologists to help locate where in the brain a stroke occurred. In a new study, AI processed text from health histories and neurologic examinations to locate lesions in the brain. The study looked specifically at the large language model called generative pre-trained transformer 4 (GPT-4).

Child Development Children's Health Today's Healthcare
Published

ADHD stimulants may increase risk of heart damage in young adults, study finds      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Young adults who were prescribed stimulant medications for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were significantly more likely to develop cardiomyopathy (weakened heart muscle) compared with those who were not prescribed stimulants, in a new study.

Child Development
Published

Want to feel young? Protect your sleep      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Do you ever find yourself longing for the energy and vitality of your younger years? Feeling young is not just a matter of perception it is actually related to objective health outcomes. Previous studies have shown that feeling younger than one s actual age is associated with longer, healthier lives. There is even support for subjective age to predict actual brain age, with those feeling younger having younger brains. Feeling sleepy can make you feel ten years older.

Child Development Parenting
Published

Developmental psychology: Concern for others emerges during second year of life      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An empirical longitudinal study tracked the emergence of empathic concern in children.