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Categories: Diet and Weight Loss, Pregnancy and Childbirth

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Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Nutrition Obesity Psychology Research
Published

'Trojan horse' weight loss drug more effective than available therapies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A groundbreaking article describes a promising new therapy for obesity that leads to greater weight loss in mice than existing medications. The approach smuggles molecules into the brain's appetite center and affects the brain's neuroplasticity.

Children's Health Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Birth by C-section more than doubles odds of measles vaccine failure      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Birth by C-section more than doubles odds of measles vaccine failure. Researchers say it is vital that children born by caesarean section receive two doses of the measles vaccine for robust protection against the disease.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Staying Healthy Vegetarian
Published

Prostate cancer study: More health benefits from plant-based diet      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Men with prostate cancer could significantly reduce the chances of the disease worsening by eating more fruits, vegetables, nuts, and olive oil, according to new research.

Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Healthy Aging
Published

How biological aging clocks tick      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Aging clocks can measure the biological age of humans with high precision. Biological age can be influenced by environmental factors such as smoking or diet, thus deviating from the chronological age that is calculated using the date of birth. The precision of these aging clocks suggests that the aging process follows a program. Scientists have now discovered that aging clocks actually measure the increase in stochastic changes in cells.

Chronic Illness Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

Intermittent fasting protects against liver inflammation and liver cancer      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Fatty liver disease often leads to chronic liver inflammation and can even result in liver cancer. Scientists have now shown in mice that intermittent fasting on a 5:2 schedule can halt this development. The fasting regime reduces the development of liver cancer in mice with pre-existing liver inflammation. The researchers identified two proteins in liver cells that are jointly responsible for the protective effect of fasting. An approved drug can partially mimic this effect.

Breastfeeding Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

A new mother's immune status varies with her feeding strategy      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In one of the first studies of its kind, UC Santa Barbara researchers have found that the immune status of postpartum mothers shifts with how she feeds her baby. Certain inflammatory proteins -- substances that are secreted as part of an immune response -- peak at different times of day, correlating with whether the mothers breastfeed, pump or formula-feed their babies.

Chronic Illness Diabetes Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Personalized screening early in pregnancy may improve preeclampsia detection      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Study suggests more extensive screening method in the first trimester of pregnancy may improve detection of preeclampsia.

Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Source of pregnancy complications from infections revealed by placenta map      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The placenta's response to infections from malaria, toxoplasmosis and listeria has been mapped in high resolution, possibly paving the way for new treatment options.

Diet and Weight Loss Fitness Nutrition Obesity
Published

Time-restricted eating and high-intensity exercise might work together to improve health      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Combining time-restricted eating with high-intensity functional training may improve body composition and cardiometabolic parameters more than either alone, according to new research.

Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Cell contractions drive the initial shaping of human embryos      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Human embryo compaction, an essential step in the first days of an embryo's development, is driven by the contractility of its cells. These results contradict the presupposed driving role of cell adhesion in this phenomenon and pave the way for improved assisted reproductive technology (ART).

Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Father's gut microbes affect the next generation      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers changed the composition of the gut microbiota in male mice through common antibiotics, inducing a condition called dysbiosis, and found that: - Mouse pups sired by a dysbiotic father show significantly lower birth weight, and have increased risk of growth disorders and postnatal mortality.

Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Discovery of an atypical heat shock factor, HSF5, involved in meiotic mechanisms: Implications for male infertility      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have identified a novel Heat Shock Factor (HSF), designated as HSF5, which plays a crucial role in the completion of meiosis and the activation of genes essential for sperm formation. This discovery provides valuable insights into underlying causes of spermatogenic failure, the major contributor to male infertility. Furthermore, unlike other typical Heat Shock Factors, which primarily regulate gene expression in response to stress, such as heat shock, HSF5 plays a specific role in male germ production during meiosis under non-stress conditions.

Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Staying Healthy
Published

Childcare pick-up: A 1-hour window to build healthier eating habits      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

After-care food and drink accounted for about 22% of the day's added sugar and about one-third of the sweet and salty snack foods the children ate, according to a new study.

Chronic Illness Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition
Published

Cranberry extracts could boost microbiota and counter cardiometabolic diseases      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Cranberry extracts appear to improve intestinal microbiota and help prevent chronic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. The study reported beneficial effects after only four days of use.

Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Fitness Nutrition Obesity
Published

Breakthrough in brown fat research: Researchers have found brown fat's 'off-switch'      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found a protein that is responsible for turning off brown fat activity. This new discovery could lead to a promising strategy for safely activating brown fat and tackling obesity and related health problems.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
Published

Component of keto diet plus immunotherapy may reduce prostate cancer      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Adding a pre-ketone supplement -- a component of a high-fat, low-carb ketogenic diet -- to a type of cancer therapy in a laboratory setting was highly effective for treating prostate cancer, researchers found.

Birth Defects Child Development Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
Published

Pregnancy cytokine levels impact fetal brain development and offspring behavior      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have discovered in a preclinical model that cytokines, proteins that control immune response, circulating in maternal blood during pregnancy may mitigate an offspring's risk for psychiatric conditions. The findings are surprising because circulating maternal cytokines are at such low levels that they were not implicated in fetal brain development and offspring behavior before.

Diet and Weight Loss Dietary Supplements and Minerals Nutrition Vitamin
Published

Vitamin D alters mouse gut bacteria to give better cancer immunity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that vitamin D encourages the growth of a type of gut bacteria in mice which improves immunity to cancer.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Staying Healthy
Published

Social media can be used to increase fruit and vegetable intake in young people      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that people following healthy eating accounts on social media for as little as two weeks ate more fruit and vegetables and less junk food.