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Categories: Pregnancy and Childbirth, Skin Care

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Skin Care Today's Healthcare
Published

Robots' and prosthetic hands' sense of touch could be as fast as humans      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Research could pave the way for a prosthetic hand and robot to be able to feel touch like a human hand. The technology could also be used to help restore lost functionality to patients after a stroke.

Children's Health Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Birth by C-section more than doubles odds of measles vaccine failure      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Birth by C-section more than doubles odds of measles vaccine failure. Researchers say it is vital that children born by caesarean section receive two doses of the measles vaccine for robust protection against the disease.

Skin Care Today's Healthcare
Published

Melanoma in darker skin tones      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Melanoma, an aggressive form of skin cancer that accounts for 75% of all skin-cancer-related deaths, is often detected later in people with darker skin complexions -- and the consequences can be devastating, a new study reveals.

Skin Care Today's Healthcare
Published

New treatment could reverse hair loss caused by an autoimmune skin disease      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers developed a potential new treatment for alopecia areata, an autoimmune disorder that causes hair loss. The microneedle patch delivers immune-regulating molecules that can teach T cells not to attack hair follicles, helping hair regrow.

Healthy Aging Skin Care
Published

Who should receive preventive treatment for TB? Individuals of all ages with positive skin or blood test      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researcher found that exposed individuals with confirmed TB infection -- i.e. a positive skin or blood test -- should receive priority treatment in settings with a low prevalence of the disease, regardless of their age. However, in high-burden settings, all exposed individuals should be considered for preventative treatment, even without a confirmed infection. This strategy can help end the tuberculosis epidemic and support global public health efforts to reduce TB mortality by 95 percent by 2035 (from 2015 estimates).

Skin Care
Published

A tailored vaccine could one day treat eczema in children      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New research suggests a 'tailored vaccine' might hold the key to treating bacteria-driven flares of eczema in children. The team has taken several leaps forward in understanding how the immune response works in cases of eczema driven by the common, troublesome Staphylococcus aureus bacterium, and in doing so they have identified new cellular targets for a vaccine.

Breastfeeding Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

A new mother's immune status varies with her feeding strategy      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In one of the first studies of its kind, UC Santa Barbara researchers have found that the immune status of postpartum mothers shifts with how she feeds her baby. Certain inflammatory proteins -- substances that are secreted as part of an immune response -- peak at different times of day, correlating with whether the mothers breastfeed, pump or formula-feed their babies.

Chronic Illness Diabetes Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Personalized screening early in pregnancy may improve preeclampsia detection      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Study suggests more extensive screening method in the first trimester of pregnancy may improve detection of preeclampsia.

Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Source of pregnancy complications from infections revealed by placenta map      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The placenta's response to infections from malaria, toxoplasmosis and listeria has been mapped in high resolution, possibly paving the way for new treatment options.

Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Cell contractions drive the initial shaping of human embryos      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Human embryo compaction, an essential step in the first days of an embryo's development, is driven by the contractility of its cells. These results contradict the presupposed driving role of cell adhesion in this phenomenon and pave the way for improved assisted reproductive technology (ART).

Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Father's gut microbes affect the next generation      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers changed the composition of the gut microbiota in male mice through common antibiotics, inducing a condition called dysbiosis, and found that: - Mouse pups sired by a dysbiotic father show significantly lower birth weight, and have increased risk of growth disorders and postnatal mortality.

Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Discovery of an atypical heat shock factor, HSF5, involved in meiotic mechanisms: Implications for male infertility      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have identified a novel Heat Shock Factor (HSF), designated as HSF5, which plays a crucial role in the completion of meiosis and the activation of genes essential for sperm formation. This discovery provides valuable insights into underlying causes of spermatogenic failure, the major contributor to male infertility. Furthermore, unlike other typical Heat Shock Factors, which primarily regulate gene expression in response to stress, such as heat shock, HSF5 plays a specific role in male germ production during meiosis under non-stress conditions.

Birth Defects Child Development Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
Published

Pregnancy cytokine levels impact fetal brain development and offspring behavior      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have discovered in a preclinical model that cytokines, proteins that control immune response, circulating in maternal blood during pregnancy may mitigate an offspring's risk for psychiatric conditions. The findings are surprising because circulating maternal cytokines are at such low levels that they were not implicated in fetal brain development and offspring behavior before.

Skin Care
Published

It takes two to TANGO: New strategy to tackle fibrosis and scarring      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A study has now successfully controlled the effects of collagen hypersecretion at the cellular level. The experimental treatment consists of designer peptides which interrupt the interaction between TANGO1 and cTAGE5, two proteins important for collagen secretion. Experiments with patient-derived human cells and zebrafish showed the peptides are effective, non-toxic, and their effects reversible. The results pave the way for the development of new treatments that improve the cosmetic effects of scarring, relieve the symptoms of autoimmune diseases such as scleroderma, or help prevent the development of fibrosis, a more serious condition attributed to 45% of deaths in the industrialized world.

Skin Care
Published

Odor-causing bacteria in armpits targeted using bacteriophage-derived lysin      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A research team has synthesized a lysin that during in vitro experiments targets bacteria responsible for producing odors in human armpits.

Children's Health Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Dengue fever infections have negative impacts on infant health for three years      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Dengue infections in pregnant women may have a negative impact on the first years of children's lives, new research has found.

Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Pressure in the womb may influence facial development      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Physical cues in the womb, and not just genetics, influence the normal development of neural crest cells, the embryonic stem cells that form facial features, finds a new study.

Birth Defects Skin Care
Published

Mosaics of predisposition cause skin disease      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Clarifying the cause of a skin disease led to the discovery of a new disease-causing gene, a new category of diseases, and new perspectives for both counseling and therapy. The discovery is the first time that epigenetic silencing, the 'switching off' of an otherwise intact gene, has been recognized as the cause for a skin disease.

Skin Care
Published

Toxic chemicals from microplastics can be absorbed through skin      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Toxic chemicals used to flame-proof plastic materials can be absorbed into the body through skin, via contact with microplastics, new research shows.

Healthy Aging Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Researchers find that accelerated aging biology in the placenta contributes to a rare form of pregnancy-related heart failure      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In a new study, researchers show that elevated levels of proteins related to cellular senescence, or aging, in the blood and the placenta are linked to this form of heart failure.