Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published DNA barcoding identifies the plants a person has eaten (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
DNA barcoding is now being used to identify the plant matter in human feces, revealing what a person has eaten. A reliable genetic marker for plant-based foods can be retrieved from poop, showing not only what was eaten, but in what relative amounts. The technique should improve clinical trials, nutrition studies and more.
Published Unsafe feeding methods spiked during infant formula shortage (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A survey finds nearly half of parents who rely on formula for their babies resorted to potentially harmful feeding methods during the infant formula shortage.
Published Human embryo-like models created from stem cells to understand earliest stages of human development (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists have created a stem cell-derived model of the human embryo in the lab by reprogramming human stem cells. The breakthrough could help research into genetic disorders and in understanding why and how pregnancies fail.
Published Molecular imaging identifies brain changes in response to food cues; offers insight into obesity interventions (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Molecular imaging with 18F-flubatine PET/MRI has shown that neuroreceptors in the brains of individuals with obesity respond differently to food cues than those in normal-weight individuals, making the neuroreceptors a prime target for obesity treatments and therapy. This research contributes to the understanding of the fundamental mechanisms underlying obesity and offers valuable insights into potential medical interventions.
Published Lean body mass, age linked with alcohol elimination rates in women (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Research links women's lean body mass with how quickly they eliminate alcohol from their system. Women with obesity and those who are older eliminate alcohol from their bloodstreams faster than those of normal weight and those who are younger.
Published All the immunity, none of the symptoms (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists found pairing specific diets with diarrheal disease-causing bacteria can create lasting immunity in mice without a need to ever experience symptoms. The findings pave the way for vaccine development that could reduce symptoms and mortality of diarrheal illness and other diseases in humans.
Published Omega-3 fatty acids linked to slower decline in ALS (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
People with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) who eat more foods high in certain omega-3 fatty acids like flaxseed oil, walnuts, canola oil and pumpkin seeds may have a slower physical decline from the disease and may have a slightly extended survival. Researchers also found an omega-6 fatty acid may be beneficial. The study does not prove that these omega fatty acids slow decline of ALS or extend survival; it only shows an association.
Published Ketone supplements worsen performance in trained endurance athletes, researchers find (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Kinesiologists at McMaster University have found ketone supplements, used by some athletes hoping to cross the finish line faster, may in fact worsen performance. The new study tackles contradictory research findings related to the effectiveness of ketone supplements, which have gained popularity among athletes seeking a competitive advantage.
Published One in five women become pregnant naturally after having a baby conceived with IVF (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research analyzed data from 11 studies of over 5,000 women around the world between 1980 and 2021, to evaluate how common it is to get pregnant naturally after having a baby conceived by fertility treatment. Around 20% of women who needed fertility treatment, such as IVF, to conceive their first child are likely to get pregnant naturally in the future, finds a new study.
Published Scientists discover new embryonic cell type that self-destructs to protect the developing embryo (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists have uncovered a new quality control system that removes damaged cells from early developing embryos.
Published Pregnancy hormone repairs myelin damage in MS mouse model (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study has identified a treatment that could repair myelin in the cortex, undoing some of the damage caused by MS.
Published A 'pinch' of mineral salts helps the noncaloric sweeteners go down (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Perfect noncaloric replacements for sugar and high fructose corn syrup just don't exist yet. For example, some alternatives have a lingering sweet aftertaste and lack a sugar-like mouthfeel, leaving some consumers unsatisfied. Now, researchers propose adding blends of nutritionally important mineral salts to make noncaloric sweeteners seem more like the real thing. Taste-testers indicated that these blends gave zero- and low-calorie drinks a better flavor.
Published Fewer meals may prevent Type 2 diabetes, obesity (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
When intermittent fasting became all the rage among Hollywood celebrities, skeptics balked at the idea of skipping meals. But new research suggests the celebs might not have been that far off. The review found that a specific type of restricted eating may reduce the chances of developing Type 2 diabetes and improve your overall health. Known as time-restricted eating, this type of fasting means having regular but fewer meals, cutting out late-night snacks and not eating for 12 to 14 hours (often overnight).
Published Technique restores healthy bacterial balance in C-section babies (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Newborns delivered by cesarean section who are swabbed with the vaginal fluid of their mothers after birth have beneficial bacteria restored to their skin surface and stools, according to a new study. In the first randomized study of its kind, a team of researchers found the process, known as vaginal seeding, definitively engrafted new strains of maternal bacteria in the babies' bodies.
Published New diagnostic finds intact sperm in infertile men (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers develop new diagnostic tool to visualize protein biomarkers of well-developed sperm to determine if surgical sperm extraction may be successful for certain infertile men.
Published The latest weapon against cancer is ... a keto diet? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Keto diets shrink pancreatic and colorectal tumors by starving them of the glucose they need to survive. But they also speed up development of a lethal wasting disease called cachexia. In mice, researchers have found that pairing keto with a corticosteroid prevents cachexia and increases survival.
Published Researchers uncover why light-to-moderate drinking is tied to better heart health (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study offers an explanation for why light-to-moderate alcohol consumption may be associated with lower risk of heart disease. For the first time, researchers found that alcohol, in light to moderate quantities, was associated with long-term reductions in stress signaling in the brain.
Published Taurine may be a key to longer and healthier life (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A study finds that deficiency of taurine, a molecule produced in our bodies, drives aging, and taurine supplements can improve health and increase lifespan in animals.
Published Diet tracking: How much is enough to lose weight? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Keeping track of everything you eat and drink in a day is a tedious task that is tough to keep up with over time. Unfortunately, dutiful tracking is a vital component for successful weight loss, however, a new study finds that perfect tracking is not needed to achieve significant weight loss.
Published Colorful fresh foods improve athletes' vision (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Nutrition is an important part of any top athlete's training program. And now, a new study proposes that supplementing the diet of athletes with colorful fruits and vegetables could improve their visual range. The paper examines how a group of plant compounds that build up in the retina, known as macular pigments, work to improve eye health and functional vision.