Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published New study links placental oxygen levels to fetal brain development (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study shows oxygenation levels in the placenta, formed during the last three months of fetal development, are an important predictor of cortical growth (development of the outermost layer of the brain or cerebral cortex) and is likely a predictor of childhood cognition and behavior.
Published Intervention reduces likelihood of developing postpartum anxiety and depression by more than 70% (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Results from a large clinical trial show that an intervention for anxiety provided to pregnant women living in Pakistan significantly reduced the likelihood of the women developing moderate-to-severe anxiety, depression, or both six weeks after birth.
Published Study of 1.2+M births reveals associations between excess heat exposure and preterm births (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
In the face of increasing temperatures globally, a new study of 1.2 million births over two decades has shown a strong association between the risk of pre-term birth and exposure to extreme hot temperatures in the third trimester of pregnancy. The data suggested that this association with extreme temperature might be reduced by the level of greenery in a pregnant person's residential surrounds. The findings suggest health services should consider preparing for an increase in preterm births as our climate warms.
Published Damage to cell membranes causes cell aging (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have discovered that damage to the cell membrane promotes cellular senescence, or cell aging.
Published Compounds in female ginseng could lead to new osteoporosis treatments (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
With ever-increasing life expectancy comes the challenge of treating age-related disorders such as osteoporosis. Although there are effective drugs for treating this metabolic bone disease, they can be expensive and have side effects, limiting their availability to some people. In the search for alternative drug candidates, researchers have discovered and fully replicated a compound from a botanical source, female ginseng, that had potent anti-osteoporotic activity in cellular tests.
Published How AI can help spot early risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists have found a way to predict Alzheimer's Disease up to seven years before symptoms appear by analyzing patient records with machine learning.
Published Annual breast cancer screening beginning at 40 saves lives (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Annual breast cancer screening beginning at age 40 and continuing to at least age 79 results in the highest reduction in mortality with minimal risks.
Published Oocytes outsmart toxic proteins to preserve long-term female fertility (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The accumulation of misfolded or damaged proteins in long-lived, non-dividing cells like neurons are linked to neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's. A study now finds that the build-up of these toxic proteins also influences oocyte quality and female fertility. The researchers discovered that mouse oocytes have specialized structures which roam the cytoplasm and act like a clean-up crew which capture and hold onto protein aggregates, rendering them harmless. Failure to degrade the toxic proteins led to the formation of defective eggs. 3 in 5 (60%) of mouse embryos that inherited the toxic proteins failed to complete the very earlies stages of development. The study presents a new frontier to explore the underlying mechanisms of poor oocyte quality, which is the leading cause of female infertility.
Published Scientists discover new target for reversible, non-hormonal male birth control (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists discovered a new target for reversible, non-hormonal male birth control. The drug, an HDAC inhibitor, blocked sperm production and fertility in male mice without affecting libido or future reproduction.
Published Stress during pregnancy can lead to early maturation of first-born daughters (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have found a correlation between early signs of adrenal puberty in first-born daughters and their mothers' having experienced high levels of prenatal stress. They did not find the same result in boys or daughters who were not first-born.
Published Male fertility gene discovery reveals path to success for sperm (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The discovery of a pair of genes that work in perfect harmony to protect male fertility could provide new insights into some unexplained cases of the most severe form of infertility, research suggests.
Published COVID-19 vaccination and boosting during pregnancy protects infants for six months, study finds (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Women who receive an mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccination or booster during pregnancy can provide their infants with strong protection against symptomatic COVID-19 infection for at least six months after birth, according to a new study. These findings reinforce the importance of receiving both a COVID-19 vaccine and booster during pregnancy to ensure that infants are born with robust protection that lasts until they are old enough to be vaccinated.
Published Menopause and migraines: New findings point to power of prevention (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Women who have both migraines and a long-term history of hot flashes and/or night sweats have a slightly higher risk of heart disease and stroke, and young women who have migraines have a higher risk of later persistent menopause symptoms, according to two new papers based on a data from a long-term study of the same group of women from their young adult to middle-age years.
Published Strongest contender in decades in fight against breast cancer (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
For decades, hormonal treatment of breast cancer has been going in one direction -- blocking estrogen. Now a global study has discovered there may be another, less toxic way to defeat the most common form of breast cancer.
Published Genetic cause of low birth weight among children conceived after fertility treatment (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A medical researcher has identified a genetic cause for the increased risk of low birth weight in babies born following assisted reproductive technologies such as IVF.
Published Novel technique has potential to transform breast cancer detection (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
An innovative breast imaging technique provides high sensitivity for detecting cancer while significantly reducing the likelihood of false positive results. Researchers said the technique has the potential to offer more reliable breast cancer screening for a broader range of patients.
Published Heart organoids simulate pregestational diabetes-induced congenital heart disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
An advanced human heart organoid system can be used to model embryonic heart development under pregestational diabetes-like conditions, researchers report. The organoids recapitulate hallmarks of pregestational diabetes-induced congenital heart disease found in mice and humans. The findings also showed that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and lipid imbalance are critical factors contributing to these disorders, which could be ameliorated with exposure to omega-3s.
Published Are environmental toxins putting future generations at risk? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
In a study that signals potential reproductive and health complications in humans, now and for future generations, researchers have concluded that fathers exposed to environmental toxins, notably DDT, may produce sperm with health consequences for their children.
Published Pregnant women should avoid ultraprocessed, fast foods, experts urge (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Research shows that phthalates, a class of chemicals associated with plastics, can shed from the wrapping, packaging and even from plastic gloves worn by food handlers into food. Once consumed during pregnancy, the chemicals can get into the bloodstream, through the placenta and then into the fetal bloodstream. The chemical can cause oxidative stress and an inflammatory cascade within the fetus, researchers noted. Previous literature has indicated that exposure to phthalates during pregnancy can increase the risk of low birth weight, preterm birth and child mental health conditions such as autism and ADHD.
Published Researchers make progress toward developing blood tests for psychiatric and neurological disorders (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers used genetic material from human blood and lab-grown brain cells say they have made progress in developing a blood test to identify disease-associated changes in the brain specifically linked to postpartum depression and other psychiatric and neurological disorders.