Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published DNA barcoding identifies the plants a person has eaten (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
DNA barcoding is now being used to identify the plant matter in human feces, revealing what a person has eaten. A reliable genetic marker for plant-based foods can be retrieved from poop, showing not only what was eaten, but in what relative amounts. The technique should improve clinical trials, nutrition studies and more.
Published Unsafe feeding methods spiked during infant formula shortage (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A survey finds nearly half of parents who rely on formula for their babies resorted to potentially harmful feeding methods during the infant formula shortage.
Published Molecular imaging identifies brain changes in response to food cues; offers insight into obesity interventions (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Molecular imaging with 18F-flubatine PET/MRI has shown that neuroreceptors in the brains of individuals with obesity respond differently to food cues than those in normal-weight individuals, making the neuroreceptors a prime target for obesity treatments and therapy. This research contributes to the understanding of the fundamental mechanisms underlying obesity and offers valuable insights into potential medical interventions.
Published Lean body mass, age linked with alcohol elimination rates in women (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Research links women's lean body mass with how quickly they eliminate alcohol from their system. Women with obesity and those who are older eliminate alcohol from their bloodstreams faster than those of normal weight and those who are younger.
Published A subtype of depression identified (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Using surveys, cognitive tests and brain imaging, researchers have identified a type of depression that affects about a quarter of patients. The goal is to diagnose and treat the condition more precisely.
Published All the immunity, none of the symptoms (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists found pairing specific diets with diarrheal disease-causing bacteria can create lasting immunity in mice without a need to ever experience symptoms. The findings pave the way for vaccine development that could reduce symptoms and mortality of diarrheal illness and other diseases in humans.
Published Chronic stress-related neurons identified (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have identified a group of nerve cells in the mouse brain that are involved in creating negative emotional states and chronic stress. The neurons, which have been mapped with a combination of advanced techniques, also have receptors for estrogen, which could explain why women as a group are more sensitive to stress than men.
Published Omega-3 fatty acids linked to slower decline in ALS (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
People with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) who eat more foods high in certain omega-3 fatty acids like flaxseed oil, walnuts, canola oil and pumpkin seeds may have a slower physical decline from the disease and may have a slightly extended survival. Researchers also found an omega-6 fatty acid may be beneficial. The study does not prove that these omega fatty acids slow decline of ALS or extend survival; it only shows an association.
Published Ketone supplements worsen performance in trained endurance athletes, researchers find (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Kinesiologists at McMaster University have found ketone supplements, used by some athletes hoping to cross the finish line faster, may in fact worsen performance. The new study tackles contradictory research findings related to the effectiveness of ketone supplements, which have gained popularity among athletes seeking a competitive advantage.
Published A 'pinch' of mineral salts helps the noncaloric sweeteners go down (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Perfect noncaloric replacements for sugar and high fructose corn syrup just don't exist yet. For example, some alternatives have a lingering sweet aftertaste and lack a sugar-like mouthfeel, leaving some consumers unsatisfied. Now, researchers propose adding blends of nutritionally important mineral salts to make noncaloric sweeteners seem more like the real thing. Taste-testers indicated that these blends gave zero- and low-calorie drinks a better flavor.
Published Fewer meals may prevent Type 2 diabetes, obesity (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
When intermittent fasting became all the rage among Hollywood celebrities, skeptics balked at the idea of skipping meals. But new research suggests the celebs might not have been that far off. The review found that a specific type of restricted eating may reduce the chances of developing Type 2 diabetes and improve your overall health. Known as time-restricted eating, this type of fasting means having regular but fewer meals, cutting out late-night snacks and not eating for 12 to 14 hours (often overnight).
Published Serotonin booster leads to increased functional brain connectivity (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Cognitive deficits accompany mood disorders and other psychiatric conditions, often with debilitating effects. Limited treatments currently exist, but studies in animals and humans have pointed to drugs such as the laxative prucalopride that activate serotonin receptors as a potential therapeutic for the symptoms. It has remained unclear, however, how the medication affects resting brain activity. Now, a new study examines the drug's effects in healthy human adults.
Published The latest weapon against cancer is ... a keto diet? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Keto diets shrink pancreatic and colorectal tumors by starving them of the glucose they need to survive. But they also speed up development of a lethal wasting disease called cachexia. In mice, researchers have found that pairing keto with a corticosteroid prevents cachexia and increases survival.
Published Researchers uncover why light-to-moderate drinking is tied to better heart health (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study offers an explanation for why light-to-moderate alcohol consumption may be associated with lower risk of heart disease. For the first time, researchers found that alcohol, in light to moderate quantities, was associated with long-term reductions in stress signaling in the brain.
Published New study links contraceptive pills and depression (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Women who used combined contraceptive pills were at greater risk of developing depression than women who did not, according to a new study. Contraceptive pills increased women's risk by 73 per cent during the first two years of use.
Published Taurine may be a key to longer and healthier life (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A study finds that deficiency of taurine, a molecule produced in our bodies, drives aging, and taurine supplements can improve health and increase lifespan in animals.
Published Diet tracking: How much is enough to lose weight? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Keeping track of everything you eat and drink in a day is a tedious task that is tough to keep up with over time. Unfortunately, dutiful tracking is a vital component for successful weight loss, however, a new study finds that perfect tracking is not needed to achieve significant weight loss.
Published Colorful fresh foods improve athletes' vision (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Nutrition is an important part of any top athlete's training program. And now, a new study proposes that supplementing the diet of athletes with colorful fruits and vegetables could improve their visual range. The paper examines how a group of plant compounds that build up in the retina, known as macular pigments, work to improve eye health and functional vision.
Published How chronic stress drives the brain to crave comfort food (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Stress can override natural satiety cues to drive more food intake and boost cravings for sweets.
Published Cutting breakfast carbs can benefit people with Type 2 diabetes (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers suggest a simple tweak to the first meal of the day might help people living with Type 2 diabetes (T2D) better control their blood sugar levels. Switching from a traditional western-style low-fat breakfast, like oatmeal, toast and fruit, to a low-carb meal higher in protein and fat, like eggs with bacon or cheese, can help people with T2D better manage their blood sugar for most of the day.