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Categories: Diabetes, Nutrition

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Nutrition
Published

Global life expectancy to increase by nearly 5 years by 2050 despite geopolitical, metabolic, and environmental threats      (via sciencedaily.com) 

The latest findings forecast that global life expectancy will increase by 4.9 years in males and 4.2 years in females between 2022 and 2050. Increases are expected to be largest in countries where life expectancy is lower, contributing to a convergence of increased life expectancy across geographies. The trend is largely driven by public health measures that have prevented and improved survival rates from cardiovascular diseases, COVID-19, and a range of communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional diseases (CMNNs).

Diabetes Nutrition
Published

Sweet taste receptor affects how glucose is handled metabolically by humans      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The sweet-taste receptor might be the first stop in a metabolic surveillance system for sugar. The receptor is also expressed in certain intestinal cells, where it may facilitate glucose absorption and assimilation, as part of this system. A team found that stimulation and inhibition of the sweet receptor helps regulate glucose metabolism in humans and may have implications for managing such metabolic disorders as diabetes.

Nutrition
Published

Why do we overindulge?      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

If you tend to do other things or get distracted while eating dinner, you may be running the risk of over-consuming everyday pleasures later, possibly because the distraction caused you to enjoy yourself less, according to new research.

Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Nutrition Obesity Psychology Research
Published

'Trojan horse' weight loss drug more effective than available therapies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A groundbreaking article describes a promising new therapy for obesity that leads to greater weight loss in mice than existing medications. The approach smuggles molecules into the brain's appetite center and affects the brain's neuroplasticity.

Diabetes Nutrition Obesity
Published

Two decades of studies suggest health benefits associated with plant-based diets      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Vegetarian and vegan diets are generally associated with better status on various medical factors linked to cardiovascular health and cancer risk, as well as lower risk of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and death, according to a new review of 49 previously published papers.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Staying Healthy Vegetarian
Published

Prostate cancer study: More health benefits from plant-based diet      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Men with prostate cancer could significantly reduce the chances of the disease worsening by eating more fruits, vegetables, nuts, and olive oil, according to new research.

Chronic Illness Diabetes
Published

How night shift work can raise risk of diabetes, obesity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Just a few days on a night shift schedule throws off protein rhythms related to blood glucose regulation, energy metabolism and inflammation, processes that can influence the development of chronic metabolic conditions. The finding provides new clues as to why night shift workers are more prone to diabetes, obesity and other metabolic disorders. Though more research is needed, the researchers said the study shows that these disrupted rhythms can be seen in as little as three days, which suggests early intervention to prevent diabetes and obesity is possible. Such intervention could also help lower the risk of heart disease and stroke, which is elevated in night shift workers as well.

Nutrition
Published

New cells could be key to treating obesity      (via sciencedaily.com) 

New cells discovered in human omental adipose tissue inhibit fat cell formation, revealing why 'apple' body shapes may pose higher metabolic health risks.

Diabetes Neuropathy Today's Healthcare
Published

Neuropathy very common, underdiagnosed      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Neuropathy, the nerve damage that causes pain and numbness in the feet and hands and can eventually lead to falls, infection and even amputation, is very common and underdiagnosed, according to a new study.

Diabetes
Published

Biomarker found to help identify cells that can repair damaged blood vessels      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have discovered a protein marker to help identify cells able to repopulate in patients with damaged blood vessels. Their findings could lead to new therapies for people with endothelial dysfunction, a type of disorder that contributes to coronary artery disease that may occlude with plaque and lack ability to carry sufficient blood into the heart tissue causing a heart attack.

Children's Health Nutrition
Published

Sedentary lifestyle puts strain on young hearts      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

According to a recent study, high levels of sedentary behavior and physical inactivity from childhood strain the heart in adolescence. High cardiac workload predicts heart failure and other heart diseases. In light of the findings, increasing moderate and vigorous physical activity from childhood onwards is particularly important in preventing heart diseases.

Chronic Illness Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

Intermittent fasting protects against liver inflammation and liver cancer      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Fatty liver disease often leads to chronic liver inflammation and can even result in liver cancer. Scientists have now shown in mice that intermittent fasting on a 5:2 schedule can halt this development. The fasting regime reduces the development of liver cancer in mice with pre-existing liver inflammation. The researchers identified two proteins in liver cells that are jointly responsible for the protective effect of fasting. An approved drug can partially mimic this effect.

Diabetes
Published

Decoding the three ancestral components of the Japanese people      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A research group have used whole-genome sequencing to unravel the complex ancestry of the Japanese population. The analysis supports an earlier study that proposed that the Japanese population originated from admixtures of three ancestral groups, challenging the long-held dual-structure model.

Chronic Illness Diabetes Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Personalized screening early in pregnancy may improve preeclampsia detection      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Study suggests more extensive screening method in the first trimester of pregnancy may improve detection of preeclampsia.

Children's Health Nutrition
Published

Improved nutrition, sanitation linked to beneficial changes in child stress and epigenetic programming      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study provides some of the clearest and most comprehensive evidence to date on what is known about stress physiology and 'epigenetic programming.'

Dietary Supplements and Minerals Nutrition Vitamin
Published

New study challenges one-size-fits-all approach to vitamin D supplementation guidelines      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study sheds light on the complexities of achieving optimal vitamin D status across diverse populations. Despite substantial research on the determinants of vitamin D, levels of vitamin D deficiency remain high. Researchers believe their findings have significant implications for the development of tailored recommendations for vitamin D supplementation.

Dietary Supplements and Minerals Nutrition
Published

Dietary changes may treat pulmonary hypertension      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Blood vessels in the lungs aren't like the others in the body. This difference becomes clear in pulmonary hypertension, in which only the lungs' blood vessels stiffen progressively, leading to chronic lung disease, heart failure and death. The underlying reasons for this organ-specific vessel stiffening remained a mystery until researchers made a surprising discovery about these blood vessel cells in patients with pulmonary hypertension -- they're hungry.

Diet and Weight Loss Fitness Nutrition Obesity
Published

Time-restricted eating and high-intensity exercise might work together to improve health      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Combining time-restricted eating with high-intensity functional training may improve body composition and cardiometabolic parameters more than either alone, according to new research.

Children's Health Diabetes Nutrition Obesity Psychology Research
Published

Researchers identify causal genetic variant linked to common childhood obesity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have identified a causal genetic variant strongly associated with childhood obesity. The study provides new insight into the importance of the hypothalamus of the brain and its role in common childhood obesity and the target gene may serve as a druggable target for future therapeutic interventions.

Dietary Supplements and Minerals Nutrition Psychology Research Vitamin
Published

Nutrient research reveals pathway for treating brain disorders      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The team discovered that an essential nutrient called choline is transported into the brain, across the blood-brain barrier, by a protein transporter called FLVCR2. This is discovery will inform future design of drugs for diseases such as Alzheimer's and stroke, mimicking choline so they can be smuggled into the brain.