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Categories: Birth Defects, Diabetes

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Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
Published

New study links placental oxygen levels to fetal brain development      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study shows oxygenation levels in the placenta, formed during the last three months of fetal development, are an important predictor of cortical growth (development of the outermost layer of the brain or cerebral cortex) and is likely a predictor of childhood cognition and behavior.

Birth Defects Children's Health Psychology Research
Published

Learning and memory problems in down syndrome linked to alterations in genome's 'dark matter'      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The activity of Snhg11, a gene found in the 'dark matter' of the genome, is critical for the function and formation of neurons in the hippocampus, specifically in an area critical for learning and memory. Researchers have discovered the gene is less active in brains with three copies of chromosome 21, which causes Down syndrome, potentially contributing to the condition's intellectual disabilities. The researchers plan on carrying out further research to discover the exact mechanisms of action involved, information that could open potential avenues for new therapeutic interventions.

Birth Defects
Published

Blindness from some inherited eye diseases may be caused by gut bacteria      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Sight loss in certain inherited eye diseases may be caused by gut bacteria, and is potentially treatable by antimicrobials, finds a new study in mice.

Birth Defects Infant's Health Psychology Research
Published

New insight into gene uncovers its link to incurable birth defect      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have unraveled how mutations in a gene can lead to an incurable neurodevelopmental disorder that causes abnormal brain development in newborns and infants.

Chronic Illness Diabetes
Published

Blood test could determine diabetes risks      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A blood test could potentially be used to assess a patient's risk of type 2 diabetes, a new study has found.

Diabetes
Published

Red light can reduce blood glucose levels      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Shining a specific frequency of red light on a person's back for 15 minutes can significantly reduce blood sugar levels, according to a new study.

Chronic Illness Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Healthy Aging Nutrition Obesity Today's Healthcare
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Fasting-like diet lowers risk factors for disease, reduces biological age in humans      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Cycles of a diet that mimics fasting can reduce signs of immune system aging, as well as insulin resistance and liver fat in humans, resulting in a lower biological age, according to a new study.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Depression Infant's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research Today's Healthcare
Published

Stress during pregnancy can lead to early maturation of first-born daughters      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found a correlation between early signs of adrenal puberty in first-born daughters and their mothers' having experienced high levels of prenatal stress. They did not find the same result in boys or daughters who were not first-born.

Chronic Illness Diabetes
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Newly discovered genetic markers help pinpoint diabetes risks, complications      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In the largest genome-wide association study to date on Type 2 diabetes, a team of international researchers has located 1,289 genetic markers associated with Type 2 diabetes (145 of which are newly identified) and generated risk scores for diabetes complications.

Diabetes
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Gargling away the 'bad' bacteria in type 2 diabetes      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that gargling with an antiseptic mouthwash can reduce so-called 'bad' bacteria in the mouths of patients with type 2 diabetes. Notably, this reduction in bacteria was accompanied by improved blood-sugar control in some patients. Given that the oral diseases caused by these bacteria have been linked to many other serious inflammation-associated diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and Alzheimer's disease, this simple treatment may have widespread effects.

Diabetes
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Type 2 diabetes alters the behavior of discs in the vertebral column      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Type 2 diabetes alters the behavior of discs in the vertebral column, making them stiffer, and also causes the discs to change shape earlier than normal. As a result, the disc's ability to withstand pressure is compromised. This is one of the findings of a new study in rodents from a team of engineers and physicians.

Birth Defects Infant's Health
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Why ventilators can be tough on preemie lungs      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New research finds that premature lungs become stiffer than adult lungs under stress. This disrupts the function of transporters that are important for removing water from the lungs after birth.

Chronic Illness Diabetes Dietary Supplements and Minerals Pregnancy and Childbirth
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Heart organoids simulate pregestational diabetes-induced congenital heart disease      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An advanced human heart organoid system can be used to model embryonic heart development under pregestational diabetes-like conditions, researchers report. The organoids recapitulate hallmarks of pregestational diabetes-induced congenital heart disease found in mice and humans. The findings also showed that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and lipid imbalance are critical factors contributing to these disorders, which could be ameliorated with exposure to omega-3s.

Birth Defects Child Development Infant's Health Parenting Psychology Research
Published

Patterns of brain connectivity differ between pre-term and term babies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new scanning study of 390 babies has shown distinct patterns between term and pre-term babies in the moment-to-moment activity and connectivity of brain networks.

Diabetes Today's Healthcare
Published

AI model as diabetes early warning system when driving      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Based solely on driving behavior and head/gaze motion, the newly developed tool recognizes low blood sugar levels.

Birth Defects Nutrition Pregnancy and Childbirth Staying Healthy
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Pregnant women should avoid ultraprocessed, fast foods, experts urge      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Research shows that phthalates, a class of chemicals associated with plastics, can shed from the wrapping, packaging and even from plastic gloves worn by food handlers into food. Once consumed during pregnancy, the chemicals can get into the bloodstream, through the placenta and then into the fetal bloodstream. The chemical can cause oxidative stress and an inflammatory cascade within the fetus, researchers noted. Previous literature has indicated that exposure to phthalates during pregnancy can increase the risk of low birth weight, preterm birth and child mental health conditions such as autism and ADHD.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Depression Mental Health Research Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
Published

Researchers make progress toward developing blood tests for psychiatric and neurological disorders      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers used genetic material from human blood and lab-grown brain cells say they have made progress in developing a blood test to identify disease-associated changes in the brain specifically linked to postpartum depression and other psychiatric and neurological disorders.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Infant's Health Nutrition Obesity Pregnancy and Childbirth
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Males born to obese mothers more likely to suffer health issues as adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Males born to obese women are more likely to be overweight at birth and develop metabolic complications in later life, including liver disease and diabetes.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Obesity
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New weight loss medication may help lower blood pressure in adults with obesity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Weight loss medication reduced both day and nighttime blood pressure levels, finds new study.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Obesity
Published

Disrupted cellular function behind type 2 diabetes in obesity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Disrupted function of 'cleaning cells' in the body may help to explain why some people with obesity develop type 2 diabetes, while others do not. A study describes this newly discovered mechanism.