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Categories: Diabetes, Psychology Research

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Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Two key brain systems are central to psychosis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

When the brain has trouble filtering incoming information and predicting what's likely to happen, psychosis can result, research shows.

Child Development Chronic Illness Psychology Research
Published

Study helps explain why childhood maltreatment continues to impact on mental and physical health into adulthood      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Childhood maltreatment can continue to have an impact long into adulthood because of how it effects an individual's risk of poor physical health and traumatic experiences many years later, a new study has found.

Psychology Research
Published

Parkinson's Disease: New theory on the disease's origins and spread      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New hypothesis paper builds on a growing scientific consensus that Parkinson's disease route to the brain starts in either the nose or the gut and proposes that environmental toxicants are the likely source.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss
Published

This outdated diabetes drug still has something to offer      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have discovered the biochemical workings of an old-fashioned diabetes drug, and it's helping them develop new, safer alternatives.

Psychology Research
Published

Researchers discover how we perceive bitter taste      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study reveals the detailed protein structure of the TAS2R14, a bitter taste receptor that allows us to perceive bitter taste. In addition to solving the structure of this taste receptor, the researchers were also able to determine where bitter-tasting substances bind to TAS2R14 and how they activate them. The findings may lead to the development of drugs that targeting taste receptors.

Diabetes Fitness
Published

Does the time of day you move your body make a difference to your health?      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Undertaking the majority of daily physical activity in the evening is linked to the greatest health benefits for people living with obesity, according to researchers who followed the trajectory of 30,000 people over almost 8 years.

Depression Mental Health Research Psychology Research
Published

Brain stimulation treatment may improve depression, anxiety in older adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A noninvasive brain stimulation treatment improved depression and anxiety symptoms among older adults in a new study.

Psychology Research
Published

Connecting lab-grown brain cells provides insight into how our own brains work      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have developed a technique to connect lab-grown neural 'organoids' (three-dimensional developmental brain-like structures grown from human stem cells) using axonal bundles, similar to the connections between regions in the human brain. This technique allows brain networks to be better represented experimentally in the lab, and will improve understanding and studies of network-related brain disorders.

Diabetes
Published

Beating back bitter taste in medicine      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The bitter taste of certain drugs is a barrier to taking some medications as prescribed, especially for people who are particularly sensitive to bitter taste. A team found that the diabetes drug rosiglitazone could partially block the bitter taste of some especially bad-tasting medications. The hope is that repurposed drugs could be added in small doses to other medicines to make them less bitter and taste better, thereby encouraging compliance with bitter drug regimens.

Birth Defects Psychology Research
Published

Are lab-grown brain tissues ethical? There is no no-brainer answer      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers offer insights into the ethical dilemmas and legal complexities surrounding brain organoids, especially those derived from human fetal tissue. Their findings advocate for thorough regulatory frameworks to ensure that scientific and medical progress in this field is conducted responsibly and ethically, with strong regulations supported by sound ethical and legal principles.

Healthy Aging Psychology Research
Published

Tiny brain bubbles carry complete codes      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists discovered that the biological instructions within these vesicles differed significantly in postmortem brain samples donated from patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease.

Mental Health Research Psychology Research Today's Healthcare
Published

New study highlights the benefit of touch on mental and physical health      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Through a large-scale analysis, researchers have uncovered the ways in which consensual touch can benefit a person's physical and mental wellbeing.

Depression Mental Health Research Psychology Research
Published

Prairie voles display signs of human-like depression      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers make the case that prairie voles, small rodents that are found throughout the central United States and Canada, can be effectively used as animal models to further the study of clinical depression.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

Few newly diagnosed type 2 diabetics succeed in losing weight -- weight gain linked to much higher risk of complications      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A register-based study identified three distinct BMI trajectory groups among patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. In a four-year follow-up, most patients followed a stable trajectory without much weight change. Only 10% of patients lost weight, whereas 3% gained weight. Mean BMI exceeded the threshold of obesity in all groups at baseline. Weight loss is a central treatment goal in type 2 diabetes, but the study shows that few patients succeed in it.

Depression Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Mental Health Research Nutrition Obesity Psychology Research Staying Healthy
Published

Feeding the lonely brain      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study has found that women who perceive themselves to be lonely exhibited activity in regions of the brain associated with cravings and motivation towards eating especially when shown pictures of high calorie foods such as sugary foods.

Diabetes Today's Healthcare
Published

Study finds less invasive, safer option for removing benign pancreatic tumors      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers describe a new technique for the minimally invasive removal of benign tumors located in the challenging posterior head of the pancreas (right side of abdomen, nestled in the curve of the duodenum (or first part of the small intestine). The technique, called the retro-laparoscopic approach, allows surgeons to safely and effectively remove these tumors without removing healthy pancreatic tissue, thereby preserving organ functionality.

Child Development Diabetes
Published

Large language models respond differently based on user's motivation      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study reveals how large language models (LLMs) respond to different motivational states. In their evaluation of three LLM-based generative conversational agents (GAs)--ChatGPT, Google Bard, and Llama 2, scientists found that while GAs are able to identify users' motivation states and provide relevant information when individuals have established goals, they are less likely to provide guidance when the users are hesitant or ambivalent about changing their behavior.

Psychology Research
Published

Developing a vaccine for the 'zombie drug' xylazine      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Chemical biologists design an early 'proof-of-concept' vaccine that could lead to the first effective treatment of xylazine overdose in people.

Mental Health Research Psychology Research
Published

Researchers map how the brain regulates emotions      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study is among the first of its kind to separate activity relating to emotion generation from emotion regulation in the human brain. The findings provide new insights that could help inform therapeutic treatments regarding mental health and drug addiction.

Diabetes Skin Care Today's Healthcare
Published

Wound treatment gel fights the battle against antibacterial resistance      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Polymer-based hydrogels are used to treat skin ailments and in tissue engineering because of their ability to retain water, deliver drugs into wounds, and biodegrade. However, they are complicated to manufacture and not very resilient to external forces like rubbing against clothing, sheets, or wound dressings. Scientists have now created a hydrogel enhanced with the amino acid polylysine and blood plasma that is easier to synthesize, contains natural antibiotic properties, and promotes cell growth.