Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Research challenges current thinking on the genetic causes of very early menopause (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The genetic causes of very early menopause will have to be reconsidered after researchers found that nearly all women who carried variations thought to cause the condition in fact had their menopause at an older age.
Published Helping 'good' gut bacteria and clearing out the 'bad' -- all in one treatment (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Probiotics can help maintain a healthy gut microbiome or restore populations of 'good bacteria' after a heavy course of antibiotics. But now, they could also be used as an effective treatment strategy for certain intestinal diseases, such as Crohn's disease. Researchers have developed a microgel delivery system for probiotics that keeps 'good' bacteria safe while actively clearing out 'bad' ones. In mice, the system treated intestinal inflammation without side effects.
Published Hidden mechanism connects cancer and diabetes (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Insulin resistance is usually associated with type 2 diabetes. Now researchers have found it in cancer patients and learned that it can cause cancer to spread faster.
Published A 'pinch' of mineral salts helps the noncaloric sweeteners go down (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Perfect noncaloric replacements for sugar and high fructose corn syrup just don't exist yet. For example, some alternatives have a lingering sweet aftertaste and lack a sugar-like mouthfeel, leaving some consumers unsatisfied. Now, researchers propose adding blends of nutritionally important mineral salts to make noncaloric sweeteners seem more like the real thing. Taste-testers indicated that these blends gave zero- and low-calorie drinks a better flavor.
Published Fewer meals may prevent Type 2 diabetes, obesity (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
When intermittent fasting became all the rage among Hollywood celebrities, skeptics balked at the idea of skipping meals. But new research suggests the celebs might not have been that far off. The review found that a specific type of restricted eating may reduce the chances of developing Type 2 diabetes and improve your overall health. Known as time-restricted eating, this type of fasting means having regular but fewer meals, cutting out late-night snacks and not eating for 12 to 14 hours (often overnight).
Published Machine-learning method used for self-driving cars could improve lives of type-1 diabetes patients (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The same type of machine learning methods used to pilot self-driving cars and beat top chess players could help type-1 diabetes sufferers keep their blood glucose levels in a safe range.
Published New study links contraceptive pills and depression (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Women who used combined contraceptive pills were at greater risk of developing depression than women who did not, according to a new study. Contraceptive pills increased women's risk by 73 per cent during the first two years of use.
Published Sea cucumbers: The marine delicacy that can deter diabetes (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
They're a marine delicacy loved across Asia, but the humble sea cucumber is also proving to be a key ingredient in preventing diabetes, according to new research.
Published Can exercise help counteract genetic risk of disease? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Staying active could help keep the onset of type 2 diabetes at bay, even if someone has a genetic risk of developing the disease. Researchers say this highlights the importance of exercise in chronic disease prevention.
Published Scientists target human stomach cells for diabetes therapy (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Stem cells from the human stomach can be converted into cells that secrete insulin in response to rising blood sugar levels, offering a promising approach to treating diabetes, according to a preclinical study.
Published Experimental drug inhibits or prevents diabetic eye disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers say they have evidence that an experimental drug may prevent or slow vision loss in people with diabetes. The results are from a study that used mouse as well as human retinal organoids and eye cell lines.
Published Afternoon exercise linked with greater improvements in blood sugar levels for patients with type 2 diabetes (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study uses data from the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) study, a randomized controlled trial that compared an intensive lifestyle intervention with diabetes support and education in patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and overweight or obesity to track the development of cardiovascular disease over time.
Published Researchers map the brain during blood sugar changes (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have successfully mapped specific regions in the brain that are activated in association with changes in blood sugar -- also known as glucose -- providing fundamental location information that could ultimately lead to more targeted therapies for people who struggle with conditions like diabetes.
Published Artificial pancreas reduces disease management burden for people with diabetes (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers design a novel algorithm for controlling implanted insulin pumps that accounts for the unique characteristics of individual patients. Their model, tested using an FDA-approved diabetes computer simulation, proves intraperitoneal (within the abdominal cavity) insulin delivery is fast and closely mimics natural physiological insulin delivery. They developed a model that can account for individual patient differences and validated a pump control algorithm that does not require meal announcement.
Published How breast cancer arises (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers trace the origin of certain breast cancers to genomic reshuffling -- rearrangement of chromosomes -- that activates cancer genes and ignites disease. The finding offers a long-missing explanation for many cases of the disease that remain unexplained by the classical model of breast cancer development. The study shows the sex hormone estrogen -- thus far thought to be only a fuel for breast cancer growth -- can directly cause tumor-driving genomic rearrangements.
Published Gamma delta T cells can fight aggressive breast cancer (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers discover a mechanism by which cancer cells escape the immune system.
Published High-throughput experiments might ensure a better diagnosis of hereditary diseases (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
All human beings are genetically very similar, sharing approx. 99.9% of the DNA code. The remaining 0.1% explains the natural differences between people, including our predisposition to hereditary diseases. Although sequencing of our genetic material is becoming a routine diagnostic analysis, it is unfortunately far from simple to determine whether specific small differences in our DNA affect our risk of developing disease. The usefulness of DNA sequencing is therefore often limited to the few cases where it is already known if a gene variant increases the risk of disease.
Published Potential breakthrough in Type 1 diabetes treatment (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists identified three biomaterial formulations that could help develop a more sustainable, long-term, self-regulating way to treat Type 1 diabetes using a new screening technique that involves tagging each biomaterial formulation in a library of hundreds with a unique 'barcode.'
Published Arterial stiffness may cause metabolic syndrome in adolescents via an increase in fasting insulin and LDL cholesterol (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Arterial stiffness may be a novel risk factor for metabolic syndrome in teens.
Published Too much insulin can be as dangerous as too little (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers describe a key player in the defense mechanism that safeguards against excessive insulin in the body, which can be as harmful as too little.