Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Stress influences brain and psyche via immune system (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Chronic stress affects the immune system and the brain. Researchers now show that a particular enzyme found in cells of the immune system enters the brain under stress. In mice, it causes them to withdraw and avoid social contact. This newly discovered connection between body and mind in stress-related mental illnesses could lead to new treatments for depression.
Published When a stressful situation is perceived as a threat, health and wellbeing suffer (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
People experience more health and wellbeing issues when they feel overwhelmed by stressful situations rather than seeing them as a challenge, a new study finds.
Published Researchers uncover potential non-opioid treatment for chronic pain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new approach to treating neuropathic pain is making a key step forward. Neuropathic pain is among the most difficult types of pain to alleviate and current treatments are often ineffective. Researchers have identified a potential non-opioid treatment.
Published Firing nerve fibers in the brain are supplied with energy on demand (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
To rapidly transmit electrical signals in the brain, the long nerve fibers are insulated by specialized cells called oligodendrocytes. These cells also respond to the electrical signals of active nerve fibers and provide them with energy on demand, as researchers have discovered. If this process, regulated by potassium, is disabled in mice, the nerve fibers are severely damaged as the animals age -- resembling the defects of neurodegenerative diseases.
Published Researchers discover a new role for a protein that helps form memories (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers discovered a new function for a common protein in the brain -- a development that sheds new light on the mysteries of the mind and holds promising implications for the treatment of memory loss and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Published Good and bad news for people with low back pain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Low back pain is a major cause of disability around the globe, with more than 570 million people affected. New research shows that many people with persistent low back pain (more than 12 weeks) continue to have moderate-to-high levels of pain and disability.
Published Clarifying the cause of Guillain-Barré Syndrome (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Guillain-?Barr Syndrome is a rare condition in which a person's immune system attacks the peripheral nerves. People affected suffer from muscle weakness and paralysis. A research team led by ETH Zurich has now clarified the mechanism of this autoimmune disease.
Published Relationships with caring adults provide a buffer against depression, anxiety, regardless of adverse childhood experiences (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study sought to identify factors that would bolster resilience for marginalized and minoritized youth, using data from the Boricua Youth Study, a longitudinal study following three generations of families over 20 years in both Puerto Rico and the South Bronx, New York.
Published Psychotherapy effective in treating post-traumatic stress disorder following multiple traumatic events, meta-study finds (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Psychotherapy is an effective treatment for adults with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following exposure to multiple traumatic events. This is shown by a meta-study by an international research team.
Published Stress, via inflammation, is linked to metabolic syndrome (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study has found that stress, through its propensity to drive up inflammation in the body, is linked to metabolic syndrome -- leading researchers to suggest that cheap and relatively easy stress-management techniques may be one way to help improve biological health outcomes.
Published RSV shown to infect nerve cells, cause inflammation and damage (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
RSV, a common infection in children and the elderly thought to only infect the respiratory tract, can also infect nerve cells and cause nerve damage, according to a new study. The findings could have major implications about whether RSV could be connected to neurological or developmental disorders.
Published Different pain types in multiple sclerosis can cause difficulty staying active (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Chronic pain can present in multiple forms for multiple sclerosis patients. Some forms make it harder to stay active than others.
Published Discrimination during pregnancy may alter circuits in infants' brains (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Racial discrimination and bias are painful realities and increasingly recognized as detrimental to the health of adults and children. These stressful experiences also appear to be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy, altering the strength of infants' brain circuits, according to a new study.
Published Lost brain function restored in mice after stroke (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have succeeded in restoring lost brain function in mouse models of stroke using small molecules that in the future could potentially be developed into a stroke recovery therapy.
Published Distinct brain activity triggered by memories of trauma (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
It is well known that people who have lived through traumatic events like sexual assault, domestic abuse, or violent combat can experience symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), including terrifying flashbacks, severe anxiety, and uncontrollable thoughts about the incident. But what exactly happens in the brains of PTSD patients as they recall these traumatic events? Are they remembered the same way as, say, the loss of a beloved pet -- or, for that matter, a relaxing walk on the beach?
Published Common headaches tied to neck inflammation (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have identified objective evidence of how the neck muscles are involved in primary headaches, according to a new study.
Published Mindfulness-based intervention shows promise for PTSD in cardiac arrest survivors (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A novel pilot study incorporating mindfulness into exposure therapy shows promise for reducing symptoms of post-traumatic stress in cardiac arrest survivors. One in three survivors of cardiac arrest survivors develop PTSD, increasing their risk of mortality, yet no specific treatment has been developed for this population.
Published Fat cells help repair damaged nerves (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Damage to the body's peripheral nerves can cause pain and movement disorders. Researchers have recently investigated how damaged nerves can regenerate better. They found that fat tissue strongly supports the Schwann cells needed for repair during the healing process.
Published Repairing nerve cells after injury and in chronic disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers discovered a mechanism for repairing damaged nerves during peripheral neuropathy in mice, wherein the protein Mitf orchestrates nerve repair after both trauma-induced and chronic nerve damage conditions, like Charcot Marie Tooth disease. Their findings may inspire novel therapeutics that bolster repair function and heal peripheral neuropathy -- even in hereditary and developmental cases.
Published Discrimination during pregnancy can affect infant's brain circuitry (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Experiences of discrimination and acculturation are known to have a detrimental effect on a person's health. For pregnant women, these painful experiences can also affect the brain circuitry of their children, a new study finds. These effects, the researchers say, are separate from those caused by general stress and depression. The study was published in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology.