Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Lost brain function restored in mice after stroke (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have succeeded in restoring lost brain function in mouse models of stroke using small molecules that in the future could potentially be developed into a stroke recovery therapy.
Published Twin research indicates that a vegan diet improves cardiovascular health (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A recent trial of identical twins comparing vegan and omnivore diets found that a vegan diet improves overall cardiovascular health.
Published Common headaches tied to neck inflammation (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have identified objective evidence of how the neck muscles are involved in primary headaches, according to a new study.
Published Study of ancient British oral microbiomes reveals shift following Black Death (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The Second Plague Pandemic of the mid-14th century, also known as the Black Death, killed 30-60 percent of the European population and profoundly changed the course of European history. New research suggests that this plague, potentially through resulting changes in diet and hygiene, may also be associated with a shift in the composition of the human oral microbiome toward one that contributes to chronic diseases in modern-day humans.
Published Fat cells help repair damaged nerves (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Damage to the body's peripheral nerves can cause pain and movement disorders. Researchers have recently investigated how damaged nerves can regenerate better. They found that fat tissue strongly supports the Schwann cells needed for repair during the healing process.
Published Repairing nerve cells after injury and in chronic disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers discovered a mechanism for repairing damaged nerves during peripheral neuropathy in mice, wherein the protein Mitf orchestrates nerve repair after both trauma-induced and chronic nerve damage conditions, like Charcot Marie Tooth disease. Their findings may inspire novel therapeutics that bolster repair function and heal peripheral neuropathy -- even in hereditary and developmental cases.
Published Mice eating less of specific amino acid -- overrepresented in diet of obese people -- live longer, healthier (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study in mice shows that cutting down the amount of a single amino acid called isoleucine can, among other benefits, extend their lifespan, make them leaner and less frail as they age and reduce cancer and prostate problems, all while the mice ate more calories.
Published From the first bite, our sense of taste helps pace our eating (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
When you eagerly dig into a long-awaited dinner, signals from your stomach to your brain keep you from eating so much you'll regret it -- or so it's been thought.
Published Ultra-processed foods and higher risk of mouth, throat and esophagus cancers (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Eating more ultra-processed foods (UPFs) may be associated with a higher risk of developing cancers of upper aerodigestive tract (including the mouth, throat and esophagus), according to a new study. The authors of this international study, which analyzed diet and lifestyle data on 450,111 adults who were followed for approximately 14 years, say obesity associated with the consumption of UPFs may not be the only factor to blame.
Published Could eating turkey ease colitis? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
According to data in mice, extra tryptophan could reduce the risk of future colitis flares.
Published Getting to the root of visceral gut pain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have uncovered a reason that may explain why visceral pain is so common in conditions like irritable bowel syndrome. This understanding could inspire new and better ways to alleviate that pain.
Published Poor work performance among Japanese employees strongly associated with insufficient sleep (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
This study examined the association between work performance and lifestyle habits among Japanese employees. The results revealed that insufficient sleep was the predominant factor affecting work performance in men and women, followed by lack of regular exercise and eating late-evening meals. Furthermore, the study indicated that men were more likely to exhibit lifestyle habits that impacted work performance than women.
Published Feeding dogs raw meat increases the risk of antibiotic-resistant E. coli (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Feeding dogs raw (uncooked) meat increases their risk of excreting E. coli that cannot be killed by a widely used antibiotic -- ciprofloxacin -- researchers have found from a study of 600 healthy pet dogs.
Published Following a Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of cognitive decline in older people (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Old people who follow a Mediterranean diet are at a lower risk of cognitive decline, according to a new study. The study provides new evidence for a better understanding of the biological mechanisms related to the impact of the diet on cognitive health in the aging population.
Published People with obesity burn less energy during day (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A study found people who have a healthy weight use more energy during the day, when most people are active and eat, while those who have obesity spend more energy during the night, when most people sleep. Researchers also found that, during the day, those with obesity have higher levels of the hormone insulin -- a sign that the body is working harder to use glucose, an energy-packed sugar.
Published NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme may have global impact (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
As ten percent of the world's adult population is predicted to have diabetes by 2030, a major new study finds that the NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme has a positive effect on reducing risk of developing diabetes.
Published New compound outperforms pain drug by indirectly targeting calcium channels (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A compound -- one of 27 million screened in a library of potential new drugs -- reversed four types of chronic pain in animal studies, according to new research. The small molecule, which binds to an inner region of a calcium channel to indirectly regulate it, outperformed gabapentin without troublesome side effects, providing a promising candidate for treating pain.
Published Semaglutide reduced cardiovascular events by 20% in certain adults (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Semaglutide reduced cardiovascular events by 20% in adults with overweight or obesity and established cardiovascular disease who do not have diabetes, according to new research. Semaglutide is primarily prescribed for adults with type 2 diabetes but is also approved for chronic weight management in adults with obesity or overweight and have at least one other health issue. In the trial, patients treated with semaglutide lost an average of 9.4% of their body weight and experienced improvements in other risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Results from the 'SELECT -- Semaglutide and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients with Overweight or Obesity Who Do Not Have Diabetes' trial were presented today during a late-breaking science session at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2023 and simultaneously published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Published Cut salt, cut blood pressure (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Nearly everyone can lower their blood pressure, even people currently on blood pressure-reducing drugs, by lowering their sodium intake, reports a new study. It found 70-75% of all people, regardless of whether they are already on blood pressure medications or not, are likely to see a reduction in their blood pressure if they lower the sodium in their diet. Losing one teaspoon of salt a day results in systolic blood pressure decline comparable to effect achieved with drugs.
Published Ground-breaking discovery could pave the way for new therapies to prevent cardiovascular disease and stroke (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have discovered the mechanism by which cholesterol in our diet is absorbed into our cells. This discovery opens up new opportunities for therapeutic intervention to control cholesterol uptake that could complement other therapies and potentially save lives.