Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Double risk of dementia after mouth ulcer virus (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
People who have had the herpes virus at some point in their lives are twice as likely to develop dementia compared to those who have never been infected. A new study confirms previous research on whether herpes can be a possible risk factor for dementia.
Published Researchers uncover potential non-opioid treatment for chronic pain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new approach to treating neuropathic pain is making a key step forward. Neuropathic pain is among the most difficult types of pain to alleviate and current treatments are often ineffective. Researchers have identified a potential non-opioid treatment.
Published Firing nerve fibers in the brain are supplied with energy on demand (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
To rapidly transmit electrical signals in the brain, the long nerve fibers are insulated by specialized cells called oligodendrocytes. These cells also respond to the electrical signals of active nerve fibers and provide them with energy on demand, as researchers have discovered. If this process, regulated by potassium, is disabled in mice, the nerve fibers are severely damaged as the animals age -- resembling the defects of neurodegenerative diseases.
Published Good and bad news for people with low back pain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Low back pain is a major cause of disability around the globe, with more than 570 million people affected. New research shows that many people with persistent low back pain (more than 12 weeks) continue to have moderate-to-high levels of pain and disability.
Published Clarifying the cause of Guillain-Barré Syndrome (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Guillain-?Barr Syndrome is a rare condition in which a person's immune system attacks the peripheral nerves. People affected suffer from muscle weakness and paralysis. A research team led by ETH Zurich has now clarified the mechanism of this autoimmune disease.
Published RSV shown to infect nerve cells, cause inflammation and damage (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
RSV, a common infection in children and the elderly thought to only infect the respiratory tract, can also infect nerve cells and cause nerve damage, according to a new study. The findings could have major implications about whether RSV could be connected to neurological or developmental disorders.
Published Different pain types in multiple sclerosis can cause difficulty staying active (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Chronic pain can present in multiple forms for multiple sclerosis patients. Some forms make it harder to stay active than others.
Published Genetic variants underlying male bisexual behavior, risk-taking linked to more children, study shows (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Because same-sex sexual behavior does not result in offspring, evolutionary biologists have long wondered how the genes associated with this behavior have persisted in the human genome, and whether they will remain in the future. A new study suggests that part of the explanation -- specifically for male bisexuals -- has to do with risk-taking behavior.
Published Lost brain function restored in mice after stroke (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have succeeded in restoring lost brain function in mouse models of stroke using small molecules that in the future could potentially be developed into a stroke recovery therapy.
Published Common headaches tied to neck inflammation (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have identified objective evidence of how the neck muscles are involved in primary headaches, according to a new study.
Published Fat cells help repair damaged nerves (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Damage to the body's peripheral nerves can cause pain and movement disorders. Researchers have recently investigated how damaged nerves can regenerate better. They found that fat tissue strongly supports the Schwann cells needed for repair during the healing process.
Published Repairing nerve cells after injury and in chronic disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers discovered a mechanism for repairing damaged nerves during peripheral neuropathy in mice, wherein the protein Mitf orchestrates nerve repair after both trauma-induced and chronic nerve damage conditions, like Charcot Marie Tooth disease. Their findings may inspire novel therapeutics that bolster repair function and heal peripheral neuropathy -- even in hereditary and developmental cases.
Published Getting to the root of visceral gut pain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have uncovered a reason that may explain why visceral pain is so common in conditions like irritable bowel syndrome. This understanding could inspire new and better ways to alleviate that pain.
Published New compound outperforms pain drug by indirectly targeting calcium channels (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A compound -- one of 27 million screened in a library of potential new drugs -- reversed four types of chronic pain in animal studies, according to new research. The small molecule, which binds to an inner region of a calcium channel to indirectly regulate it, outperformed gabapentin without troublesome side effects, providing a promising candidate for treating pain.
Published Disturbances in sensory neurons may alter transient pain into chronic pain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have identified that a transient inflammatory pain causes mitochondrial and redox changes in sensory neurons that persist beyond pain resolution. These changes appear to predispose to a failure in resolution of pain caused by a subsequent inflammation. Additionally, targeting the cellular redox balance prevents and treats chronic inflammatory pain in rodents.
Published Lab unlocks keys to alcohol withdrawal headache (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have discovered mechanisms by which specific cells are activated in alcohol withdrawal-induced headache. The research may benefit further studies of various substance use disorder mechanisms including withdrawal. It may be possible to develop a small-molecule drug therapy to inhibit interactions, resulting in fewer pain signals during alcohol withdrawal.
Published Morning-after pill more effective when taken with an anti-inflammatory painkiller, researchers find (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A research team recently published findings on adding an anti-inflammatory painkiller used for arthritis pain to an oral emergency contraceptive pill (also known as the morning-after pill) to increase the effectiveness of pregnancy prevention.
Published New study provides evidence for more effective brain-based treatment of chronic back pain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study may provide key answers to how to help people experiencing chronic back pain. The study examined the critical connection between the brain and pain for treating chronic pain. Specifically, they looked at the importance of pain attributions, which are people's beliefs about the underlying causes of their pain, to reduce chronic back pain severity.
Published Researchers 'bioprint' living brain cell networks in the lab (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have successfully used 'bioinks' containing living nerve cells (neurons) to print 3D nerve networks that can grow in the laboratory and transmit and respond to nerve signals.
Published Syphilis transmission networks and antimicrobial resistance in England uncovered using genomics (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists use genomics to uncover syphilis transmission patterns in England, in a pioneering new approach for STI surveillance.