Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Body's immune response may offer alternative approach to neuropathic pain therapies (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
In the midst of a global opioid epidemic, a team of scientists is exploring natural killer (NK) cells as an alternative treatment for neuropathic pain. Researchers gather existing evidence for the impact of NK cells in pain, pointing to their ability to prune the damaged nerve cells that may cause it. They urge the scientific community to explore biological mechanisms underlying NK cell activity to move towards a realistic pain therapy that is both effective and safe.
Published Helping 'good' gut bacteria and clearing out the 'bad' -- all in one treatment (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Probiotics can help maintain a healthy gut microbiome or restore populations of 'good bacteria' after a heavy course of antibiotics. But now, they could also be used as an effective treatment strategy for certain intestinal diseases, such as Crohn's disease. Researchers have developed a microgel delivery system for probiotics that keeps 'good' bacteria safe while actively clearing out 'bad' ones. In mice, the system treated intestinal inflammation without side effects.
Published Pregnancy hormone repairs myelin damage in MS mouse model (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study has identified a treatment that could repair myelin in the cortex, undoing some of the damage caused by MS.
Published New research identifies cells linking chronic psychological stress to inflammatory bowel disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
For the first time, cells involved with the communication between stress responses in the brain and inflammation in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract have been identified in animal models. Glial cells, which support neurons, communicate stress signals from the central nervous system (CNS) to the semi-autonomous nervous system within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, called the enteric nervous system (ENS). These psychological stress signals can cause inflammation and exacerbate symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
Published New chemical compound demonstrates potential in nerve regeneration (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Recent research has identified a new compound that can stimulate nerve regeneration after injury, as well as protect cardiac tissue from the sort of damage seen in heart attack.
Published Neuropathic pain: The underlying mechanism and a potential therapeutic target are revealed in mice (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Neuropathic pain -- abnormal hypersensitivity to stimuli -- is associated with impaired quality of life and is often poorly managed. Estimates suggest that 3 percent to 17 percent of adults suffer from neuropathic pain, including a quarter of people with diabetes and a third of people with HIV. Researchers report that a mechanism involving the enzyme Tiam1 in dorsal horn excitatory neurons of the spinal cord both initiates and maintains neuropathic pain. Moreover, they show that targeting spinal Tiam1 with anti-sense oligonucleotides injected into the cerebrospinal fluid effectively alleviated neuropathic pain hypersensitivity.
Published How alcohol consumption contributes to chronic pain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A team showed how both alcohol intake and alcohol withdrawal can lead to increased pain and hypersensitivity.
Published Study gives insight into cause of severe inflammatory bowel disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Investigators have identified a genetic variant that increases people's risk of developing perianal Crohn's disease, the most debilitating manifestation of Crohn's disease. The variant generates changes to DNA that lead to a loss of protein function, which in turn, alters how the body recognizes and handles bacteria, making it less effective at fighting infections.
Published Genetic therapy corrects progressive muscle disorder in mice (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Investigators recently used a targeted drug to restore muscle strength and correct myotonia in mice with myotonic dystrophy.
Published Students engineer socks for on-the-go neuropathy treatment (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A wearable electrical-stimulation and vibration-therapy system designed by engineering students might be just what the doctor ordered for people experiencing foot pain and balance loss due to diabetic neuropathy.
Published Bariatric surgery may reverse diabetes complications for people with obesity (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
For more than 100 million Americans who are obese, bariatric surgery may reverse complications related to diabetes, including regenerating damaged nerves, a new study shows. Researchers say the findings suggest that bariatric surgery likely enables the regeneration of the peripheral nerves and, therefore, may be an effective treatment for millions of individuals with obesity who are at risk of developing diabetes and peripheral neuropathy,
Published Study sheds light on how IBD can develop (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study could help improve personalized medicine approaches in inflammatory bowel disease by understanding how patients with variants in the PTPN2 gene develop IBD.
Published Fibromyalgia: Pain out of control (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Feeling like we have a degree of control makes us tolerate pain better. In the case of fibromyalgia, however, this simply doesn't work. A study provides clues as to why.
Published Study to decode microbe-gut signaling suggests potential new treatment for IBD (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Fresh insights into how our bodies interact with the microbes living in our guts suggest that a two-drug combination may offer a new way to treat inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
Published Engineered E. coli delivers therapeutic nanobodies to the gut (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have succeeded in developing an E. coli-based 'smart microbe' that secretes therapeutic payloads, including antibodies, into the gut. The genetically modified beneficial strain of bacteria blocks intestinal inflammation in a preclinical model of inflammatory bowel disease and has the potential to treat intestinal-based diseases.
Published Spinal cord stimulation doesn't help with back pain, says new review (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
People with chronic back pain may turn to spinal cord stimulation to ease their pain, but a Cochrane Review found no sustained benefits to the surgery that outweigh the costs and risks.
Published Digital twin opens way to effective treatment of inflammatory diseases (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Inflammatory diseases like rheumatoid arthritis have complex disease mechanisms that can differ from patient to patient with the same diagnosis. This means that currently available drugs have little effect on many patients. Using so-called digital twins, researchers have now obtained a deeper understanding of the 'off and on' proteins that control these diseases.
Published Psyllium fiber protects against colitis by activating bile acid sensor, biomedical sciences researchers find (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Psyllium fiber protects against ulcerative colitis and suppresses inflammation by activating the bile acid nuclear receptor, a mechanism that was previously unrecognized, according to a new study.
Published Antidepressants used for chronic pain on the rise, but are they effective? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research has found some antidepressants may be effective in treating certain chronic pain conditions, but others lack convincing evidence on their effectiveness.
Published Supplementation with amino acid serine eases neuropathy in diabetic mice (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The study adds to growing evidence that some often-underappreciated, 'non-essential' amino acids play important roles in the nervous system. The findings may provide a new way to identify people at high risk for peripheral neuropathy, as well as a potential treatment option.