Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published The molecular control center of our protein factories (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have deciphered a biochemical mechanism that ensures that newly formed proteins are processed correctly when they leave the cell's own protein factories. This solves a decade-old puzzle in protein sorting.
Published Omega-3 fatty acids linked to slower decline in ALS (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
People with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) who eat more foods high in certain omega-3 fatty acids like flaxseed oil, walnuts, canola oil and pumpkin seeds may have a slower physical decline from the disease and may have a slightly extended survival. Researchers also found an omega-6 fatty acid may be beneficial. The study does not prove that these omega fatty acids slow decline of ALS or extend survival; it only shows an association.
Published A 'pinch' of mineral salts helps the noncaloric sweeteners go down (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Perfect noncaloric replacements for sugar and high fructose corn syrup just don't exist yet. For example, some alternatives have a lingering sweet aftertaste and lack a sugar-like mouthfeel, leaving some consumers unsatisfied. Now, researchers propose adding blends of nutritionally important mineral salts to make noncaloric sweeteners seem more like the real thing. Taste-testers indicated that these blends gave zero- and low-calorie drinks a better flavor.
Published Eat right, live longer: Could a moderate protein diet be the coveted elixir of youth? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Consuming nutritious food can improve metabolic health and delay aging. But what are the appropriate quantities of dietary macronutrients that can help achieve this? To answer this, researchers fed isocaloric diets with varying amounts of protein to young and middle-aged male mice. They found that the mice were metabolically healthier when fed moderate-protein diets. These findings could provide valuable insights into developing nutritional interventions and improving metabolic health in people.
Published Cancers in distant organs alter liver function (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Cancers often release molecules into the bloodstream that pathologically alter the liver, shifting it to an inflammatory state, causing fat buildup and impairing its normal detoxifying functions, according to a study from investigators at Weill Cornell Medicine. This discovery illuminates one of cancer's more insidious survival mechanisms and suggests the possibility of new tests and drugs for detecting and reversing this process.
Published Vitamin D alters developing neurons in the brain's dopamine circuit (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Neuroscientists have shown how vitamin D deficiency affects developing neurons in the brain's dopamine circuit, which may lead to the dopamine dysfunction seen in adults with schizophrenia.
Published The Mediterranean Diet: Good for your health and your hip pocket (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
We've heard it time and time again -- the Mediterranean diet is great for our health. But despite the significant health benefits of this eating plan, a common deterrent is often the expected costs, especially when budgets are tight.
Published Engineers create bacteria that can synthesize an unnatural amino acid (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have engineered bacteria to synthesize an amino acid that contains a rare functional group that others have shown to have implications in the regulation of our immune system. The researchers also taught a single bacterial strain to create the amino acid and place it at specific sites within target proteins. These findings provide a foundation for developing unique vaccines and immunotherapies in the future.
Published Nitrate: Healthy heart or cancer risk? Meet nutrition's Jekyll and Hyde (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
For a long time nitrate has been viewed warily, with previous research showing it could potentially be linked to causing cancer. However, it has subsequently bee revealed to have various cardiovascular health benefits. So, which is it? A new review of dietary nitrate research shows the answers to its health benefits or risks may lie in where it is sourced from.
Published A special omega-3 fatty acid lipid will change how we look at the developing and aging brain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists have found a lipid transporter crucial to regulating the cells that make myelin, the nerve-protecting sheath.
Published AI could run a million microbial experiments per year (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Automation uncovers combinations of amino acids that feed two bacterial species and could tell us much more about the 90% of bacteria that humans have hardly studied. An artificial intelligence system enables robots to conduct autonomous scientific experiments -- as many as 10,000 per day -- potentially driving a drastic leap forward in the pace of discovery in areas from medicine to agriculture to environmental science.
Published Study links nutrients, brain structure, cognition in healthy aging (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists found that blood markers of two saturated fatty acids along with certain omega-6, -7 and -9 fatty acids correlated with better scores on tests of memory and were associated with larger brain structures in the frontal, temporal, parietal and insular cortices.
Published Simple addition to corn bran could boost grain's nutritional value 15-35% (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
What if, by adding a couple of cell layers inside a corn kernel, the grain could become significantly richer in essential nutrients like iron, zinc, and protein? Such an improvement could benefit people who rely on corn for a large portion of their diet, as in many parts of the global south.
Published Diet high in fruit and vegetables linked to lower miscarriage risk (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A preconception and early-pregnancy diet that contains lots of fruit, vegetables, seafood, dairy, eggs and grain may be associated with reducing risk of miscarriage, a new review of research suggests.
Published Could a vitamin deficiency cause 'double-jointedness' and hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research identifies genetic cause for hypermobility and hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, a novel discovery that may also, for the first time, allow medical professionals to diagnose and treat the connective tissue disorders.
Published Researchers leverage cell self-destruction to treat brain tumors (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Medical researchers have found that glioblastoma tumor cells are particularly sensitive to ferroptosis -- a type of cell death that can be triggered by removing certain amino acids from the diet.
Published Peering into ocular waste recycling (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers uncover a mechanism in a retinal transporter protein that causes blindness, could lead to targeted therapies
Published Cells refine palm fat into olive oil (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
For more than 50 years, it has been suspected that fat cells constantly remodel the lipids they store. Researchers have now demonstrated this process directly for the first time using culture cells. Among other things, the study shows that the cells quickly eliminate harmful fatty acids. They refine others into molecules that can be used more effectively. In the long term, this turns the components of palm fat into the building blocks of high-quality olive oil, for example.
Published New form of omega-3 could prevent visual decline with Alzheimer's disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
For the first time, researchers have developed a form of the omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) that is capable of crossing into the eye's retina to ward off visual declines related to Alzheimer's disease, diabetes and other disorders.
Published Novel drug makes mice skinny even on sugary, fatty diet (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Deleting a gene that promotes magnesium transport into mitochondria (which are cells' power plants) resulted in more efficient metabolism of sugar and fat in the energy centers. The result: skinny, healthy mice. Now the research team, has developed a small-molecule drug that accomplishes the same effect in mice.