Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Blood clotting risk quickly drops after stopping hormonal contraceptives (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Using birth control pills and other hormone-based contraceptives is known to elevate the risk of blood clots, but a new study suggests that this risk largely goes away within two to four weeks after one stops using these contraceptives. The findings can help patients and doctors weigh the benefits and risks of hormonal contraceptives and guide when to stop using them ahead of events that could further increase the risk of dangerous clots, such as major surgery, prolonged periods of immobility, or when tapering anticoagulant medications after a blood clot.
Published Visualizing fungal infections deep in living host tissue reveals proline metabolism facilitates virulence (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists have published the first successful application of 2-photon intravital microscopy (IVM) to image the dynamics of fungal infections in the kidney of a living host. The study reveals that the opportunistic human fungal pathogen Candida albicans requires the ability to metabolize proline, an amino acid obtained from the host, to mount virulent infections.
Published Fungal infection in the brain produces changes like those seen in Alzheimer's disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have discovered how the fungus Candida albicans enters the brain, activates two separate mechanisms in brain cells that promote its clearance, and, important for the understanding of Alzheimer's disease development, generates amyloid beta (Ab)-like peptides, toxic protein fragments from the amyloid precursor protein that are considered to be at the center of the development of Alzheimer's disease.
Published Brain is 'rewired' during pregnancy to prepare for motherhood (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have shown that pregnancy hormones ‘rewire’ the brain to prepare mice for motherhood. The findings show that both estrogen and progesterone act on a small population of neurons in the brain to switch on parental behavior even before offspring arrive. These adaptations resulted in stronger and more selective responses to pups.
Published New device rapidly controls postpartum hemorrhage (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A study led by obstetricians has shown that a new device can rapidly control postpartum hemorrhage, a major cause of severe maternal morbidity and death, in a wide range of patients.
Published Natural compound found in plants inhibits deadly fungi (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study finds that a natural compound found in many plants inhibits the growth of drug-resistant Candida fungi -- including its most virulent species, Candida auris, an emerging global health threat.
Published Women more severely affected by chronic fatigue syndrome (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Women with ME/CFS tend to have more symptoms and co-occurring conditions than men, according to initial results from the world's largest study of the disease. It has long been known that women are more likely to have ME/CFS (myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome) but the DecodeME study has shown for the first time how their experience differs from men.
Published A gut hormone for controlling appetite doubles as an immune regulator for the fungal microbiome (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Peptide YY (PYY), a hormone produced by gut endocrine cells that was already known to control appetite, also plays an important role in maintaining the balance of fungi in the digestive system of mammals, according to new research.
Published Deadly fungus beaten with new type of treatment (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have discovered a new way to attack fungal infections. The key is to block fungi from being able to make fatty acids, the major component of fats. Resistance to anti-fungal drugs is increasing and this new approach will be particularly useful because it works in a new way and affects a broad range of fungal species.
Published New study using human fibroid cells supports use of green tea compound as treatment for uterine fibroids (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
In a pre-clinical, proof-of-concept study, researchers found that epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a green tea compound with powerful antioxidant properties, could be promising for both treating and preventing uterine fibroids. Results of the study add to growing evidence that EGCG may reduce fibroid cell growth. The study was specifically designed to identify the biochemical mechanisms responsible for EGCG action in fibroid cells.
Published Elimination of type of bacteria suggests treatment for endometriosis (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A research group has discovered that using an antibiotic to target Fusobacterium, a common bacterium that causes inflammation, improved the symptoms of endometriosis. Their findings suggest an alternative treatment for the disease.
Published Dynamic expression of brain serotonin receptors across the menstrual cycle provides clues about premenstrual dysphoric disorder (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study explores the interplay between the serotonin system and estradiol in the brain, showing that the central nervous system in patients with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) seems to increase serotonin transporter density from the periovulatory phase (when estradiol levels are high) to premenstrual cycle phase (when both estradiol and progesterone are decreasing). The findings have the potential to advance the clinical treatment of PMDD.
Published Migraines during menstruation: Low estrogen levels paired with higher CGRP levels may jump start migraine (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
As estrogen levels fluctuate, a new study has found for female participants with migraine, their levels of the protein calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) that plays a key role in starting the migraine process also fluctuate.
Published Studies find that microbiome changes may be a signature for ME/CFS (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have found differences in the gut microbiomes of people with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) compared to healthy controls. Findings from two studies add to growing evidence that connects disruptions in the gut microbiome, the complete collection of bacteria, viruses, and fungi that live in our gastrointestinal system, to ME/CFS.
Published Does lifetime exposure to estrogen affect risk of stroke? (via sciencedaily.com)
People with a higher cumulative estrogen exposure throughout their life may have a lower risk of stroke, according to a new study. The lower risk was found for both ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage.
Published Birth choices after previous cesarean and risk of pelvic floor surgery (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Vaginal birth after a previous cesarean section is associated with an increased risk of pelvic floor surgery compared with planning another cesarean, according to a new study. The findings provide useful information to help women who have had a previous cesarean section when planning how to give birth in their next pregnancy.
Published Fungal association with tumors may predict worse outcomes (via sciencedaily.com)
The presence of some fungal species in tumors predicts -- and may even help drive -- worse cancer outcomes, according to a new study.
Published Advanced imaging sheds light on immune escape of shape-shifting fungus (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Fungal pathogens have a major global impact upon human health -- they are often difficult to diagnose and treat, and there is an urgent need for better diagnostics and more effective antifungal treatments. Using newly developed imaging technologies, researchers have now revealed how Candida albicans, a common fungus, evades immune responses. According to the researchers this involves an 'alien-like' shape shifting that allows the fungus to break out of immune cells.
Published SARS-CoV-2 can trigger chronic fatigue syndrome, study finds (via sciencedaily.com)
Since the beginning of the pandemic, SARS-CoV-2 has been suspected of causing chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS). A well-controlled study has now shown that, even after mild COVID-19, a subset of patients will develop symptoms which meet the diagnostic criteria for ME/CFS. Their findings also describe a second subset of post-COVID patients with similar symptoms. Differences in laboratory results between these groups may indicate differences in underlying mechanisms.
Published Data on cancer risk from hormone therapy 'reassuring,' menopause experts say (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new scientific paper and other recent evidence offer important reassurances about the risk of breast cancer from hormone therapy to treat menopause symptoms, two menopause experts say.