Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Helping 'good' gut bacteria and clearing out the 'bad' -- all in one treatment (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Probiotics can help maintain a healthy gut microbiome or restore populations of 'good bacteria' after a heavy course of antibiotics. But now, they could also be used as an effective treatment strategy for certain intestinal diseases, such as Crohn's disease. Researchers have developed a microgel delivery system for probiotics that keeps 'good' bacteria safe while actively clearing out 'bad' ones. In mice, the system treated intestinal inflammation without side effects.
Published Dads are key in supporting breastfeeding, safe infant sleep (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Fathers can make a huge difference in whether an infant is breastfed and placed to sleep safely, according to a recent survey of new fathers.
Published High-quality child care contributes to later success in science, math (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Children who receive high-quality child care as babies, toddlers and preschoolers do better in science, technology, engineering and math through high school, and that link is stronger among children from low-income backgrounds, according to new research.
Published Conflict in marriage less harmful for kids when dad keeps it constructive (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Conflict is unavoidable in all marriages. When it erupts in families with children, stressed or angry parents may take their pain out on the kids, projecting their anger or withdrawing emotionally or physically. In the worst cases, children's socioemotional development can suffer. But the way parents, especially fathers, deal with marital conflict can make a difference to kids, according to a new study.
Published New research identifies cells linking chronic psychological stress to inflammatory bowel disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
For the first time, cells involved with the communication between stress responses in the brain and inflammation in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract have been identified in animal models. Glial cells, which support neurons, communicate stress signals from the central nervous system (CNS) to the semi-autonomous nervous system within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, called the enteric nervous system (ENS). These psychological stress signals can cause inflammation and exacerbate symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
Published How caregiver speech shapes infant brain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research shines light on how parents who talk more to their infants improve their children's brain development. Scientists used imaging and audio recordings to link early language skills to caregiver speech, delivering an affirming message that parents can greatly influence their child's linguistic growth in ways that are trackable in brain scans.
Published Male babies 'talk' more in the first year than female babies do (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Young babies make many squeals, vowel-like sounds, growls, and short word-like sounds such as 'ba' or 'aga.' Those precursors to speech or 'protophones' are later replaced with early words and, eventually, whole phrases and sentences. While some infants are naturally more 'talkative' than others, a new study confirms that there are differences between males and females in the number of those sounds.
Published Poor air quality linked to cognitive problems in babies (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research shows that poor air quality could be causing cognitive problems in babies and toddlers. A new study reveals an association between poor air quality in India and impaired cognition in infants under two. Without action, the negative impact on children's long-term brain development could have consequences for life.
Published Study finds early RSV infection linked to significantly increased risk of asthma in children (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new observational study has found that RSV infection in the first year of life is associated with a significantly increased risk of asthma in children. The study looks at the effects of RSV infections of all different severities on childhood asthma risk at a population level.
Published Study gives insight into cause of severe inflammatory bowel disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Investigators have identified a genetic variant that increases people's risk of developing perianal Crohn's disease, the most debilitating manifestation of Crohn's disease. The variant generates changes to DNA that lead to a loss of protein function, which in turn, alters how the body recognizes and handles bacteria, making it less effective at fighting infections.
Published Research shows why some children may be slower to learn words (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study investigates where toddlers look when they learn new words. It finds that children with larger vocabularies looked quickly towards objects when learning new words. Meanwhile, children who knew fewer words looked back and forth between objects and took more time. The research team say that their findings could help identify children with delays in language development at an earlier stage. Importantly, it means these children could be given earlier support to build their best vocabulary before starting school.
Published Early signs that may help predict ADHD risk (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Information available at birth may help to identify children with higher likelihood of developing ADHD, according to new research.
Published Study sheds light on how IBD can develop (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study could help improve personalized medicine approaches in inflammatory bowel disease by understanding how patients with variants in the PTPN2 gene develop IBD.
Published Study to decode microbe-gut signaling suggests potential new treatment for IBD (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Fresh insights into how our bodies interact with the microbes living in our guts suggest that a two-drug combination may offer a new way to treat inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
Published Engineered E. coli delivers therapeutic nanobodies to the gut (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have succeeded in developing an E. coli-based 'smart microbe' that secretes therapeutic payloads, including antibodies, into the gut. The genetically modified beneficial strain of bacteria blocks intestinal inflammation in a preclinical model of inflammatory bowel disease and has the potential to treat intestinal-based diseases.
Published Harsh discipline increases risk of children developing lasting mental health problems (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Harsh discipline from parents puts young children at greater risk of developing lasting mental health problems, new research shows. A study with over 7,500 children in Ireland found those exposed to 'hostile' parenting at age three were 1.5 times likelier to have 'high risk' mental health symptoms at age nine. Hostile parenting involves frequent harsh treatment: for example, shouting at children regularly, isolating them as a punishment, or unpredictable treatment depending on the parent's mood. While parenting is only one factor influencing mental health, the study recommends that mental health professionals and teachers should be alert to its potential impact.
Published Beneficial bacteria in the infant gut uses nitrogen from breast milk to support baby's health (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A nutrition scientist who has spent his career studying breast milk has demonstrated how beneficial microbes in the gut of infants use nitrogen from human milk to support pediatric nutrition and development.
Published Preterm babies do not habituate to repeated pain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Preterm infants do not get used to repeated pain in the way that full-term infants, children and adults do habituate to pain, finds a new study.
Published How moms and dads view each other as co-parents affects kids (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
How mothers and fathers see each other as co-parents of their children plays a key role in how well-adjusted their kids become, a new study suggests.
Published Hunter-gatherer childhoods may offer clues to improving education and wellbeing in developed countries (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Hunter-gatherers can help us understand the conditions that children may be psychologically adapted to because we lived as hunter-gatherers for 95% of our evolutionary history. And paying greater attention to hunter-gatherer childhoods may help economically developed countries improve education and wellbeing.