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Categories: Crohn's Disease, Pregnancy and Childbirth

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Crohn's Disease
Published

New Inflammatory Bowel Disease testing protocol could speed up diagnosis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Patients with suspected inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) could benefit from better testing protocols that would reduce the need and lengthy wait for potentially unnecessary colonoscopies, a new study has found.

Chronic Illness Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy increase risk of cardiovascular death after giving birth      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Health researchers identify patients at risk for preventable death in the year after pregnancy.

Healthy Aging Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Pregnancy accelerates biological aging in a healthy, young adult population      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Pregnancy may carry a cost, reports a new study. The research shows that women who reported having been pregnant looked biologically older than women who had never been pregnant, and women who had been pregnant more often looked biologically older than those who reported fewer pregnancies.

Chronic Illness Crohn's Disease Today's Healthcare
Published

Hope for treating autoimmune diseases      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A routine blood test that measures a patient's inflammation levels could improve the early diagnosis and management of a wide range of debilitating autoimmune diseases. The Systemic Inflammation Index (SII) uses information from routine laboratory data to measure inflammation in the body and examining this index in a new way could provide vital answers.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Infant and Preschool Learning Infant's Health Nutrition Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Even moderate alcohol usage during pregnancy linked to birth abnormalities      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that even low to moderate alcohol use by pregnant patients may contribute to subtle changes in their babies' prenatal development, including lower birth length and a shorter duration of gestation.

Crohn's Disease Today's Healthcare
Published

Gene analysis generates spatial map of intestinal cells and traces their trajectories during gut inflammation      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Cells within the intestines perform various roles including nutrient absorption, sensing, and maintaining homeostasis. Certain chronic disorders are distinctly characterized by gut inflammation, which disrupts intestinal cells and can lead to a remodeling of the gut and the introduction of new immune cells. To better understand the types of cells and their positioning within the intestines, researchers used a new technique known as MERFISH (multiplexed-error robust-fluorescence in situ hybridization) to analyze 940 genes in 1.35 million intestinal cells in a mouse model of colitis.

Diet and Weight Loss Infant's Health Obesity Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Women with obesity do not need to gain weight during pregnancy, new study suggests      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The guidelines for weight gain during pregnancy in obese women have long been questioned. New research supports the idea of lowering or removing the current recommendation of a weight gain of at least 5 kg.

Depression Menopause Mental Health Research Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Positive associations between premenstrual disorders and perinatal depression      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Women affected by premenstrual disorders have a higher risk of perinatal depression compared with those who do not, according to new research. The relationship works both ways: those with perinatal depression are also more likely to develop premenstrual disorders after pregnancy and childbirth. This study suggests that a common mechanism might contribute to the two conditions.

Birth Control Diabetes Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Miscarriages linked to health risks in later pregnancies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers analyzed 52 studies involving more than 4 million pregnancies across 22 countries to investigate the health impacts of miscarriage, abortion and recurrent pregnancy loss (more than two miscarriages in succession) on subsequent pregnancies. The study found different health risks for each group.

Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Stem cell model offers first glimpse of early human embryonic development      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The new platform's ethically grounded approach promises to reveal much about how human embryos form during the earliest stages of pregnancy.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Nutrition Obesity Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
Published

Metformin during pregnancy affects the brain development in offspring mice, study finds      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

With the rise in gestational diabetes and metabolic disorders during pregnancy, metformin is also being prescribed more frequently. Although it is known that the oral antidiabetic agent can cross the placental barrier, the impacts on the brain development of the child are largely unknown. Researchers have now been able to demonstrate in a mouse model that although metformin has positive effects in pregnant animals, it does not in the offspring.

Chronic Illness Crohn's Disease
Published

Implantable sensor could lead to timelier Crohn's treatment      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists have developed the first wireless, implantable temperature sensor to detect inflammatory flareups in patients with Crohn's disease. The approach offers long-term, real-time monitoring and could enable clinicians to act earlier to prevent or limit the permanent damage caused by inflammatory episodes.

Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Laws that punish drug use during pregnancy likely lead to worse health outcomes for families, study finds      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Contrary to some claims, laws that criminalize or otherwise punish drug use during pregnancy are more likely to worsen rather than improve health outcomes. The study is the first to systematically review the literature on punitive prenatal drug laws -- an increasingly common state policy strategy for addressing rising rates of prenatal drug use.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Infant's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Study eases concern at antipsychotics use in pregnancy      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The use of antipsychotics during pregnancy isn't linked to childhood neurodevelopmental disorders or learning difficulties, study suggests -- giving assurance to those concerned about continuing their medications during pregnancy.

Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Why some newborns develop severe infections      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A serious immune deficiency in newborns may originate from a system that protects the fetus in utero but lingers too long after birth.

Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

New discovery reveals how the egg controls sperm entry      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

After the egg has been fertilized by a sperm, the surrounding egg coat tightens, mechanically preventing the entry of additional sperm and the ensuing death of the embryo, a new study finds. The work also explains how mutations in egg coat proteins can cause female infertility and may eventually lead to new contraceptive methods.

Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Good news: The US maternal death rate is stable, not sky rocketing, as reported      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study challenges the prevailing view on the maternal death rate in the United States. The findings show that the rates of maternal death were stable between 1999-2002 and 2018-2021, instead of the dramatic upward trends previously reported. Additionally, the study indicates that direct obstetric causes of death declined over the last 20 years.

Crohn's Disease
Published

New understanding of the gut immune system may hold promise for Crohn's disease patients      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists uncovered an overlooked mechanism in the gut immune system of patients suffering from severe cases of Crohn's disease. The discovery may help define how to treat patients with severe Crohn's disease.

Birth Defects Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Adding folic acid to table salt could prevent life-threatening birth defects      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A team of international researchers has demonstrated, for the first time in a field study, that using folic acid-fortified iodized table salt can prevent multiple severe birth defects.

Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth Skin Care
Published

Research sheds light on new strategy to treat infertility      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New research describes the science behind a promising technique to treat infertility by turning a skin cell into an egg that is capable of producing viable embryos. The technique could be used by women of advanced maternal age or for those who are unable to produce viable eggs due to previous treatment for cancer or other causes. It also raises the possibility of men in same-sex relationships having children who are genetically related to both parents.