Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Twin research indicates that a vegan diet improves cardiovascular health (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A recent trial of identical twins comparing vegan and omnivore diets found that a vegan diet improves overall cardiovascular health.
Published Study of ancient British oral microbiomes reveals shift following Black Death (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The Second Plague Pandemic of the mid-14th century, also known as the Black Death, killed 30-60 percent of the European population and profoundly changed the course of European history. New research suggests that this plague, potentially through resulting changes in diet and hygiene, may also be associated with a shift in the composition of the human oral microbiome toward one that contributes to chronic diseases in modern-day humans.
Published Fat cells help repair damaged nerves (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Damage to the body's peripheral nerves can cause pain and movement disorders. Researchers have recently investigated how damaged nerves can regenerate better. They found that fat tissue strongly supports the Schwann cells needed for repair during the healing process.
Published Why does puberty trigger us to stop growing? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Research on fruit flies has implications for this poorly understood process in humans.
Published Anti-rheumatic drugs could prevent thyroid disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Anti-rheumatic drugs used for rheumatoid arthritis might prevent the development of autoimmune thyroid disease, according to a new observational study.
Published Mice eating less of specific amino acid -- overrepresented in diet of obese people -- live longer, healthier (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study in mice shows that cutting down the amount of a single amino acid called isoleucine can, among other benefits, extend their lifespan, make them leaner and less frail as they age and reduce cancer and prostate problems, all while the mice ate more calories.
Published Excessive fluid consumption: Habit or hormonal disorder? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
People who drink more than three liters of fluid a day may be suffering from a rare hormone deficiency. For many, however, it is just a harmless habit. Failing to differentiate the two correctly can be fatal, so researchers have been investigating what kind of test delivers a reliable diagnosis.
Published People with obesity burn less energy during day (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A study found people who have a healthy weight use more energy during the day, when most people are active and eat, while those who have obesity spend more energy during the night, when most people sleep. Researchers also found that, during the day, those with obesity have higher levels of the hormone insulin -- a sign that the body is working harder to use glucose, an energy-packed sugar.
Published Semaglutide reduced cardiovascular events by 20% in certain adults (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Semaglutide reduced cardiovascular events by 20% in adults with overweight or obesity and established cardiovascular disease who do not have diabetes, according to new research. Semaglutide is primarily prescribed for adults with type 2 diabetes but is also approved for chronic weight management in adults with obesity or overweight and have at least one other health issue. In the trial, patients treated with semaglutide lost an average of 9.4% of their body weight and experienced improvements in other risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Results from the 'SELECT -- Semaglutide and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients with Overweight or Obesity Who Do Not Have Diabetes' trial were presented today during a late-breaking science session at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2023 and simultaneously published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Published Obesity linked to neurodegeneration through insulin resistance (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have discovered a link between obesity and neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer's disease. Using the common fruit fly, the research shows that a high-sugar diet -- a hallmark of obesity -- causes insulin resistance in the brain, which in turn reduces the ability to remove neuronal debris, thus increasing the risk of neurodegeneration.
Published Higher risk of 17 cancers after high BMI in late teens (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Men who are overweight or obese at age 18 have a higher risk of 17 different cancers later in life. This has been shown in a study at the University of Gothenburg. The research also describes how the youth obesity epidemic is expected to affect the cancer situation over the next 30 years.
Published Epigenetic signature for obesity found in study of twins (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A susceptibility to gain weight may be written into molecular processes of human cells, a new study indicates. The proof-of-concept study with a set of 22 twins found an epigenetic signature in buccal or cheek cells appearing only for the twins who were obese compared to their thinner siblings. With more research, the findings could lead to a simple cheek swab test for an obesity biomarker and enable earlier prevention methods for a condition that effects 50% of U.S. adults, the researchers said.
Published High insulin levels directly linked to pancreatic cancer (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The first detailed explanation of why people with obesity and Type 2 diabetes are at an increased risk of pancreatic cancer has been published. The research demonstrates that excessive insulin levels overstimulate pancreatic acinar cells, which produce digestive juices. This overstimulation leads to inflammation that converts these cells into precancerous cells. The researchers say the findings may have implications for other cancers associated with obesity and Type 2 diabetes, where elevated insulin levels may also play a contributing role in disease initiation.
Published Researchers uncover mechanism for treating dangerous liver condition (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A study has shown why certain polyunsaturated fatty acids work to combat a dangerous liver condition, opening a new avenue of drug research for a disease that currently has no FDA-approved medications.
Published First-of-its kind hormone replacement treatment shows promise in patient trials (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new kind of hormone replacement therapy that more closely replicates the natural circadian and ultradian rhythms of our hormones has shown to improve symptoms in patients with adrenal conditions.
Published Promising new options for treating aggressive prostate cancer (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Investigators have identified two promising new treatment options for men with recurrent prostate cancer -- both of which helped patients live longer without their disease progressing than the current standard treatment. 'If these treatments are approved by the Food and Drug Administration, our results will be practice changing,' said Stephen Freedland, MD, associate director for Training and Education and the Warschaw, Robertson, Law Families Chair in Prostate Cancer at Cedars-Sinai, and lead author of the study. 'In the study, both of these new options improved metastasis-free survival while preserving quality of life.'
Published Strength training may reduce health risks of a high-protein diet (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Progressive strength training using resistance can protect against the detrimental effects of a high-protein diet, according to new research in mice.
Published Can't stop binging on fries and BBQ? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
People overeat and become overweight for a variety of reasons. The fact that flavorful high-calorie food is often available nearly everywhere at any time doesn't help. Researchers have determined for the first time why certain chemicals in cooked or processed foods, called advanced glycation end products, or AGEs, increase hunger and test our willpower or ability to make healthy choices when it comes to food.
Published Link between seasons and eating habits (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The number of hours of light exposure we experience affects how we eat and how we burn energy. This may help us understand the link between seasons and metabolism.
Published Obesity leads to a complex inflammatory response inside fat tissue (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study uses single cell analysis of gene expression combined with spatial transcriptomics to reveal previous unrecognized immune cell types and interactions within adipose tissue.